Department of Hydrology and Water Resources

Exams Notice

Exams Notice

END-YEAR EXAMINATIONS SCHEDULE: 1 to 17 November 2017 Students are reminded print exam admission slips and present them to gain access to examination venues for all sessions. SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS SCHEDULE: 23 to 28
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Obama Foundation Fellowship Programme in USA, 2018 Obama Foundation Application Deadline: October 6, 2017 Apply Now Imperial College London Brilliant Minds MBA Scholarship in UK, 2018 Imperial College London, United Kingdom Application Deadline: January 26,
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Univen has two different methods of applying, you can either use the traditional method or apply online Online Application Click here to Apply Online Traditional Paper Application (Click here to download hardcopy
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Courses Offered

Courses Offered

Download the full Univen Prospectus 2018 (PDF) Admission Enquiries For more information contact: Mr Seth Ugoda Chief Admissions Officer: Student Administration +2715 962 8882/ 8983/ 8977/8953 E-mail: Mr Takalani Nyelisani Schools Liaison Officer, Communications and Marketing 015 962
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Welcome to the School of Environmental Sciences

Welcome to the School of Environmental Sciences

The School of Environmental Sciences was established in 1995 with only 35 students. Currently, the School is one of the largest and has the most comprehensive programmes in Environmental Sciences
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About Us
An overview of the Department

The Department was created in 1999 to focus on training in the areas of hydrology and water resources, with emphasis on surface water hydrology, hydrogeology, meteorology, water supply and sanitation, water resources management (including management of resource quantity and quality), fluid dynamics and water treatment processes.

The Department offers a four-year professional degree awarded as honours degree, with classification as distinction or pass. The Department also offers masters and doctorate qualifications. The Department first admitted students on the four year professional degree qualification in the year 2000 and masters’ by research students in the year 2002.


To provide four year professional degree training and carry out research at postgraduate level in hydrology and water resources with focus on basic and applied aspects of surface water hydrology, hydrogeology, meteorology, fluid mechanics, and water resource quantity and quality management and supply.


To produce high quality graduates with theoretical and applied knowledge and research experience to work as hydrologists, hydrogeologists, meteorologists, and water resource management and supply experts in private and public service, and academic and research institutions.

Qualifications offered

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Hydrology and Water Resources (PhDG).
  • Master of Earth Sciences in Hydrology and Water Resources (MESHWR)
  • Honours of Hydrology and Water Resources (BEHHWR)
  • Bachelor of Earth Sciences in Hydrology and Water Resources (BESHWR).

Admission requirements

The minimum admission requirement for the above-mentioned degree programme is as follows:

  • A Matriculation Certificate or Senior Certificate endorsed for university admission.
  • Mathematics and Physical Science – 60% plus English 50%.

There is a limited number of places and therefore meeting the minimum entry requirement does not guarantee a place. Selection will be based on a student’s M score (the sum of the points) obtained on the basis of results achieved in the matriculation examination. Points are awarded for the six best symbols of the matriculation examination results (including English, Mathematics, Physical Science but excluding Life Orientation and Life Science)

Undergraduate Modules

Module Code Module Name Prerequisite (s)
1st Year
HWR 1541 Introduction to Hydrology and Meteorology  
HWR 1542 Introduction to Groundwater  
HWR 1641 Southern African Weather and Water Resources  
HWR 1642 Water Quality Principles  
2nd Year
HWR 2541 Rural Water Supply and Sanitation  
HWR 2542 Data Information Systems  
HWR 2641 Water Laws and Institutions  
HWR 2642 Drought Preparedness and Management HWR 1641
3rd Year
HWR 3541 Hydrologic Measurements  
HWR 3542 Atmospheric Dynamics HWR 1541
HWR 3543 Fluid Mechanics  
HWR 3641 Hydrologic Analysis HWR 3541
HWR 3642 Hydrogeology HWR  1542
HWR 3643 Water Quality Management HWR  1642
4th Year
HWR 4541 Applied Hydrology HWR 3641
HWR 4542 Applied Hydrogeology HWR  3642
HWR 4543 Water Supply Systems HWR 3543
HWR 4990 Research Techniques and Project
HWR 4641 Water Resources Management
HWR 4642 Applied Meteorology HWR 3542
HWR 4643 Water Treatment Processes HWR 3643
HWR 4990 Research Techniques and Project  


Honours Modules

Module Code Module Name Prerequisite (s)
HWR 5541 Applied Hydrology HWR 3641
HWR 5542 Applied Hydrogeology HWR  3642
HWR 5543 Water Supply Systems HWR 3543
HWR 5990 Research Techniques and Project
HWR 5641 Water Resources Management
HWR 5642 Applied Meteorology HWR 3542
HWR 5643 Water Treatment Processes HWR 3643
HWR 5990 Research Techniques and Project  


Masters Modules

HWR 6990 Research and Dissertation


PhD Module

HWR 7990 Research and Thesis
Since its initiation in 2000, the Department of Mining and Environmental Geology has made great strides in developing partnerships and collaborations with the industry, Government departments, non-governmental organizations and other universities both nationally and internationally.

Departmental initiatives include partnerships with:

  • Pulles Howard and de Lange (PhD): School of Environmental Sciences has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with PhD. We have been able to attach some of our Honours students for industrial attachment at PhD. Currently, we have three Masters students attached to PhD projects, thus accessing the well-equipped laboratories of PHD.
  • Germany Academic Exchange Service (DAAD): Through this collaboration, we managed to take 15 third year students to four academic institutions in Germany (Technical University of Clausthal, Gottingen University, Technical University of Berlin, and Technical University of Freiberg) for a study tour in January 2002. Currently we have collaboration with Technical University of Clausthal. In 2003 Dr. K. Maas visited the Department and taught for one month. The feed back from these processes has informed our curriculum development and teaching modalities.
  • Water Research Commission of South Africa; We have received research funds for our Honours and Masters students, and mobility funds for participation in conferences.
  • University of Witwatersrand; We have several joint projects incorporating postgraduate students and co-supervision.
  • University of Cape Town; We have collaboration in teaching, research and co-supervision.
  • Gold Fields. lndustrial attachment of students, to Kloof Mine and Driefonten Mine.
  • Venetia Diamond Mine. Industrial attachment of students.
  • Kumba Resources. Industrial attachment of students to Tshikondeni Coal Mine and Grootegeluk Coal Mine.
  • Impala Platinum-Rustenburg Operations. Industrial attachment of students.
  • Department of Minerals and Energy Polokwane and Pretoria. Industrial attachment of 3 students to the ERPN Gold Mine in Boksburg.
  • The three students secured scholarships from DME.
  • South Africa/ Germany joint science and technology research cooperation – Giyani project.
  • Collaboration in research and staff/students exchange with the University of Applied Sciences Weihenstephan, Germany.
  • Collaborative research work with the Council for Geoscience –Giyani Project.

Collaborative research work with University of Virginia – Clay Deposit at Ha-Mashamba Village in Limpopo Province. Three honours students are currently attached to the project.


  1. Gumbo JR, Dzaga RA, Nethengwe NS, (2016). Impact on Water Quality of Nandoni Water Reservoir downstream of municipal sewage plants in Vhembe District, South Africa. Sustainability, 8(7), 597. ISSN 2071-1050
  2. Anthony Izuagie, Wilson M Gitari, Jabulani R Gumbo, (2016). Synthesis and performance evaluation of Al/Fe oxide coated diatomaceous earth in groundwater defluoridation: towards fluorosis mitigation. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part DOI:10.1080/10934529.2016.1181445. ISSN 1093-4529
  3. Anthony Izuagie, Wilson M Gitari, Jabulani R Gumbo, (2015). Defluoridation of groundwater using diatomaceous earth: optimization of adsorption conditions, kinetics and leached metals risk assessment. Desalination and Water Treatment. DOI:10.1080/19443994.2015.1083894. ISSN 1944-3994 (Print), 1944-3986 (Online)
  4. Rananga HT and Gumbo JR (2015). Willingness to Pay for Water Services in Two Communities of Mutale Local Municipality, South Africa: A Case study. Journal of Human Ecology, 49(3): 231-243. ISSN 0970-9274
  5. Gitari WM, Ngulube T, Masindi V, & Gumbo J R, (2015). Defluoridation of groundwater using Fe3+-modified bentonite clay: optimization of adsorption conditions. Desalination and Water Treatment, 53(6), 1578-1590.
  6. Jabulani R. Gumbo, Thomas E. Cloete, G J.J. van Zyl and JEM Sommerville, (2014). The Viability assessment of Microcystis aeruginosa cells after co-culturing with Bacillus mycoides B16 using flow cytometry. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 72-75, 24-33.ISSN1474-7065


  1. Kudakwashe K. Shamuyarira and Jabulani R. Gumbo (2014). Assessment of Heavy Metals in Municipal Sewage Sludge: A Case Study of Limpopo Province, South Africa. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 11(3):2569-2579; ISSN:1660-4601 doi:10.3390/ijerph110302569
  2. Mulaudzi DA and Gumbo JR (2014). The Reduction of Microcystin congeners in Raw Water Source with the use of Ceramic Water Filters. Transdisciplinary E-journal (TEJ). The Inaugural edition. 1(1): 77-105. ISSN 2312-7147

  1. Chigayo K, Mojapelo PEL, Bessong, P and Gumbo JR (2014). The Preliminary Assessment of Anti-Microbial activity of HPLC separated components of Kirkia wilmsii. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines. 1(3):275-281. ISSN 0189-6016.

  1. K Nelushi, JR Gumbo, FA Dacosta (2013). An investigation of the bioaccumulation of chromium and uranium metals by Cynodon dactylon: A case study of abandoned New Union Gold Mine Tailings, Limpopo, South Africa. African Journal of Biotechnology. 12:6517-6525.
  2. Gitari, Mugera; Ngulube, Tholiso; Vhahagwele, Masindi; Jabulani, Gumbo (2013). Defluoridation of groundwater using Fe3+modified bentonite clay: Optimization of adsorption condition. Desalination and Water Treatment. 1-13. doi: 10.1080/19443994.2013.855669
  3. JE Sibiyaand JR Gumbo (2013). Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) Survey on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Selected Schools in Vhembe District, Limpopo, South Africa. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 10, 2282-2295; doi:10.3390/ijerph10062282

  1. Pindihama GK, Gumbo JR, Oberholster PJ, (2011). Evaluation of a low cost technology to manage algal toxins in rural water supplies. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(86), 19883-19889.

  1. Gumbo JR and Cloete TE, (2011). Light and Electron Microscope Assessment of the Lytic Activity of Bacillus on Microcystis aeruginosa. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(41), 8054-8063. DOI: 10.5897/AJB10.1311

  1. Gumbo JR and Cloete TE, (2011).The mechanism of Microcystis aeruginosa death upon exposure to Bacillus mycoides. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. 36: 881-886
  2. Makhera M, Gumbo JR, Chigayo K, (2011). Monitoring of microcystin-LR in Luvuvhu River catchment: Implications for human health. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(3), 405-412.

  1. Jabulani R. Gumbo, Gina Ross and Thomas E. Cloete, (2010). The Isolation and identification of Predatory Bacteria from a Microcystis algal Bloom. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(5), 663-671.

  1. Gumbo JR, Malaka EM, Odiyo JOand Nare L, (2010). The Health Implications of Wastewater Reuse in Vegetable Irrigation: A Case Study from Malamulele, South Africa. Inter Journal of Environmental Health Research, 20(2), 1-11. DOI:10.1080/09603120903511093

  1. Jabulani Gumbo, Gina Ross and E. Thomas Cloete, (2008). Biological control of Microcystis dominated harmful algal blooms. African Journal of Biotechnology. 7 (25), 4765-4773.
  2. Nyazema NZ, Rabvukwa P, Gumbo J, Ndudzo P, Chitemerere C, (1999). Bioavailability of rifampicin in a separate formulation and fixed dose combination with isoniazid NIH: a case for a fixed dose combination (FDC) for the treatment of tuberculosis. Central African Journal of Medicine.45(6):141-44.

Peer Reviewed Conference proceedings

  1. Gumbo JR, (2016). Infusing research activities into community engagements: A study of South Africa. 1st International Annual Conference on Public Administration and Development Alternatives (ISBN 978-0-620-69682-1 print; ISBN 978-0-620-69683-8 e-book)
  2. CS Shibambu, JR Gumbo, WM Gitari, (2016). Field Study on Heavy Metal Removal in a Natural wetland Receiving Municipal sewage discharge. 13th International conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Water Pollution. ISBN 13: 978-1784661397
  3. Tsedzuluso Mundalamo, Jabulani Gumbo, Confidence Muzerengi and Francis A. Dacosta (2015). Assessment of As and Hg in Mine Tailings and Indigenous Grass: A Case Study of Non-functional New Union Gold Mine, South Africa. Conference Proceedings 10th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage and IMWA Annual conference. S.B.N. 978-956-9393-28-0
  4. Gumbo JR (2015). The Management of Water Resources in Southern Africa: A Mini-Review of Zimbabwe and South Africa. Conference Proceedings 4th Annual conference of the South African Association of Public Administration and Management (SAAPAM)- Limpopo Chapter, ISBN:978-0-620-66008-2 (Print), ISBN:978-0-620-66009-9 (e-Book)
  5. Mulalo Grace Khabubu and Jabulani Ray Gumbo (2014). Identification of Cyanobacterial communities and Their Microcystin congeners in Soda Pits at Nyala Magnesite Mine, South Africa Page 384-388. International Mine Water Association conference proceedings, ISBN 978-7-5646-2437-8.
  6. Ndivhudzannyi Rembuluwani, Francis Amponsah Dacosta, Jabulani Ray Gumbo (2014), Environmental Risk Assessment and Risk Management Strategies for Abandoned New Union Gold Mine in Malamulele, Limpopo, South Africa. Page 367-373. International Mine Water Association conference proceedings, ISBN 978-7-5646-2437-8
  8. Baloyi, J.R.Gumbo, C. Muzerengi, (2014). Pollutants in sewage effluent and sludge and its impact on downstream water quality: A Case study of Malamulele sewage plant, South Africa. 12th International conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Water Pollution. ISBN 978-1-84564-776-6.
  9. WM Gitari, Ngulube T, Masindi V, JR Gumbo (2013). Natural clay based adsorbent for defluoridation of groundwater: optimization of adsorption conditions. 36th WED

International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya.

  1. Makuya, J.R. Gumbo, C. Muzerengi, F.A. Dacosta, (2012). Manganese and Vanadium Uptake by Cynodon Dactylon grass species: A Case study in New Union Gold Mine Tailings, Limpopo, South Africa. Page 689-696. International Mine Water Association conference proceedings, ISBN 9780729807074.
  2. Jeleni MN, Gumbo JR, Muzerengi C, Dacosta FA, (2012). An Assessment of Toxic Metals in Soda Mine Tailings and a Native Grass: A Case Study of an Abandoned Nyala Magnesite Mine, Limpopo, South Africa. Page 415-426. Water Pollution XI. ISBN 9781845646080.

  1. Gitari WM, Nemataheni PG, Nakisani M, Gumbo JR, (2011). Application of Fe2+ modified Bentonite Clays for Groundwater Defluoridation. 1st International Conference on Clays and Clay Minerals in Africa and 2nd International Conference on Geophagia in Southern Africa. Page 199-205, ISBN 978-0-629-51541-2.
  2. Magonono FA, Gumbo JR, Chigayo K, Dacosta FA, Mojapelo P, (2011). Bioaccumulation of Toxic Metals by Hyparrhenia Grass Species: A Case Study of New Union Gold Mine Tailings and Makhado Town, Limpopo, South Africa. International Mine Water Conference. Page 603-608, ISBN 978-3-00-035543-1

  1. Mitileni C, Gumbo JR, Muzerengi C, Dacosta FA, (2011). The Distribution of Toxic Metals in Sediments: Case study of New Union Gold Mine Tailings, Limpopo, South Africa. International Mine Water Conference. Page 609-614, ISBN 978-3-00-035543-
  2. Mulugisi G, Gumbo JR, Dacosta FA and Muzerengi C, (2010). Evaluating the suitability of Paspalum as a candidate for Rehabilitation of Mine Tailings dams: A Case study of New Union Gold Mine. International Mine Water Conference page 499. ISBN 978-1-897009-47-5.

  1. Mulugisi G, Gumbo JR, Dacosta FA and Muzerengi C, (2009). The Use of Indigenous Grass species as part of Rehabilitation of Mine Tailings: A Case study of New Union Gold Mine. International Mine Water Conference, South Africa. Page 512-518; ISBN: 978-0-9802623-5-3.

  1. Gumbo JR, and Cloete, TE, (2008). Preliminary assessment of Bacillus mycoides as a biological control agent for Microcystis In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Harmful Algae. Moestrup, Ǿ. et al. (eds) International Society on the Study of Harmful Alga and Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO. ISBN: 978-87-990827-1-1
  2. Gumbo JR, Cloete TE, and Hall AN, (2006). Elucidation of the mechanism of cyanobacteria lysis of Microcystis after exposure to Bacillus mycoides. Proceedings of the Microscopy Society of Southern Africa. 36: 38.ISSN:1028-3455.
  3. Gumbo JR, Cloete TE, and Hall AN, (2004). The Algicidal effect of predatory bacteria on Microcystis aeruginosa. Proceedings of the Microscopy Society of Southern Africa. 34: 34. ISSN:1028-3455.

Book chapter

N Faysse, J Gumbo (2004). The Transformation of Irrigation Boards into Water User Associations in South Africa. Case studies Vol.2. The Umlaas, Komati, Lomati, and Hereford Irrigation Boards. IWMI Working Paper. International Water Management Institute.  ISBN: 92-9090-558X

[persons photo=”2369″ name=”Tinyiko R. Nkuna ” job=”Chief Laboratory Technician”]Specialization: Surface and groundwater hydrology; water resources monitoring and hydrological modelling; water resource management; stochastic hydrology; water security; and climate change and land use change impacts on water resources.

Qualification: Bachelor of Earth Science in Hydrology and Resource Management (BESHWR),Master of Earth Sciences degree in Hydrology and Water Resources (MESHWR)

Tel: +27 15 962 8017
Office: Environmental Sciences Building, Room GE-03[/persons][persons photo=”2371″ name=”Jabulani R. Gumbo” job=”Professor”]Specialization: Freshwater cyanobacteria species and their effect on rural water quality and inland aquaculture and how to reduce cyanotoxins in these ecosystems; Water quality issues related to pre- and post-mining activities and the management of tailings dams and how to reduce contaminates originating from these mine tailings; Environmental risk assessment of nanowaste (dealing with disposal of waste originating from nanotechnological products) in freshwater bodies and reservoirs; Using simple ceramic water filters and defluoridation techniques in improving drinking waters in rural communities; Improving the access of water and sanitation in rural schools.

Qualification: PhD in Water Resources Management and Masters of Science (Water Resources Management), Post Graduate Diploma in Higher Education (PGDip.HE), Bachelor of Science (Honours in Chemistry)

Tel: +27 15 962 8563
Office: Room GE-02, Environmental Sciences Building,[/persons][persons photo=”2373″ name=”Fhumulani I. Mathivha” job=”nGAP Lecturer”]Specialization: Modelling and forecasting extreme hydrological events, land use and land cover changes and their impacts on water resources availability and rural communities.

Qualification: Masters of Earth Sciences in Hydrology and Water Resources (MESHWR), Bachelor of Earth Science in Hydrology and Resource Management (BESHWR)

Tel: +27 15 962 8459
Office: New Environmental Sciences Building, Room FE-01[/persons][persons photo=”2375″ name=”Rachel Makungo” job=”Lecturer”]Specialization: Surface and groundwater hydrology (including modelling), water resources systems analysis (yield-reliability analysis and development of operating rules), water quality and fluid mechanics.

Qualification: Masters of Earth Sciences in Hydrology and Water Resources (MESHWR), Bachelor of Earth Science in Hydrology and Resource Management (BESHWR)

Tel: +27 15 962 8577
Office: Environmental Sciences Building, Room GO-11[/persons]

Last updated: November 9, 2017 at 16:10 pm