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Overview

The department of Animal Science, in line with the mission of the university, exists to provide appropriate knowledge and skills relevant to the needs of the people at all levels through teaching, research and active participation in community development. Modules have been designed to ensure that students acquire analytical, critical thinking, communication and computer literacy skills. Real life problems encountered in the commercial, small scale emerging and public sector are used to develop skills.

Last updated 4 November 2015

Students can follow the following specializations;

1. Animal breeding

The purpose of this section is to train students to acquire knowledge and skills to enable them develop genetic improvement programs for farm animals, based on genetic principles. It is one of the core sections of the department.

2. Animal physiology and health

The aim of this section is to enable students to evaluate productive performance and understand how the desired performance can be achieved. It also enable students to appreciate how complex it is to maintain the health and welfare of animals.

3. Animal nutrition

The objective is for students to learn about the economic feeding of animals according to their needs. Students also learn to evaluate the digestive, absorptive and metabolic processes in animals and how these influence the nutritive value of feeds and the nutrients requirements of animals. Students are made awe that the optimization of farm animal feeding requires the integration of biological and economic factors and these are associated with the animal, the feed and the environment.

4. Animal Production Systems and Management

The aim is to use a holistic approach to teach students dairy, beef, fat lamb, goat, pig and poultry production. The students should be capable of identifying and solving production problems associated with these systems. Emphasis is placed on small scale farming systems.

Last updated 4 November 2015

Below is a list of the modules offered by the department.

CODE NAME OF MODULE
GEN 1641: Genetic Basis of plant and Animal breeding
CPL 0621: Computer Literacy
CRD 4643: Entrepreneurship
RME 3648: Research methods
AGR 1631: Agriculture and Humankind
AEC 2541: Introduction to Agricultural Economic Analysis
AGR 2541: Introduction to Plant Production
EXT 2541: Introduction to Rural Sociology
SSC 2541: Introduction to Soil Science
AEC 2641: Introduction to Marketing Agricultural Products
ARE 2641: Introduction to Agricultural Mechanization
AEC 3541: Farm Business Management
ARE 3546: Farm Structures
AEC 3641: Marketing of Agricultural Products
AGR 4532: Management of Natural and Cultivated Pastures
ARE 4641: Animal Traction
EXT 3641: Introduction to Agricultural Extension
BIO 1541: Diversity of Life
ECO 1541: Basic Microeconomics
CHEM 1541: General Chemistry for the Applied Sciences
MAT 1543: Mathematics for Biological, Earth and Life Sciences
PHY 1527: Physics for Environmental and Agricultural Sciences
ECO 1641: Basic Macroeconomics
STA 1549: Basic Statistics
ECS 1541: English Communication Skills
ECS 1645: English Communication Skills for Natural and Agricultural Sciences
ANS 2531: Principles of genetics
ANS 2532: Introduction to animal production
ANS 6643: Advance animal physiology and anatomy
ANS 2631: Advance small stock production
ANS 6645: Principles of animal nutrition
ANS 2641: Anatomy, histology and physiology of farm animals
ANS 3531: Genetic principles in animal breeding
ANS 3542: Management of ruminant farm animals
ANS 3632/ 3642: Principles of poultry production
ANS 3633/ 3643: Animal health
ANS 3641: Reproductive physiology
ANS 4531: Qualitative and quantitative genetics
ANS 4532: Biochemical principles in animal nutrition
ANS 4081: Seminar/ Scientific project
ANS 4621: Animal production systems and management
ANS 4632: Environmental physiology
ANS 5531: The science and management of monogastric animals
ANS 5532: The science and management of ruminant animals
ANS 5631: Selected topics in animal production
ANS 5632: Animal health and disease control
ANS 5099: Research project and mini dissertation
ANS 6541: Agricultural biometry
ANS 6531: Seminar presentation/ special topics
ANS 6542: Ruminant nutrition
ANS 6543: Advanced large stock production
ANS 6544: Advanced pig production
ANS 6545: Advanced animal breeding
ANS 6631: Seminar presentation
ANS 6642: Non ruminant nutrition
ANS 6643: Advanced animal physiology and anatomy
ANS 6644: Advance small talk Advance small stock production
ANS 6645: Advanced poultry production
ANS 6099: Dissertation
ANS 7099: Thesis



Last updated 4 November 2015

A list of departmental publications

1. B D Nkosi, R Meeske, M T Langa, M.D. Motiang, T F Mutavhatsindi, R.S. Thomas, I.B Groenewald and J J Baloyi 2015. The influence of ensiling potato hash with enzyme/bacterial inoculant mixtures on the fermentation characteristics, aerobic stability and nutrient digestion by rams. Small ruminant research Rumin-D-15-6663. 127: 28 - 35

2. Katsande Simbarashe, Joseph Jimu Baloyi Florence Nherera-Chokuda, Nobert Taurai Ngongoni and Gift Matope 2015. Rumen degradability of Desmodium uncinatum, Mucuna pruriens and Vigna unguiculata forage legumes using the in vitro DaisyII technique. African Journal of Agricultural Research 10 (12): 1386 – 1391: DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2014.8671. ISSN 1991-637X

3. S. Katsande, J.J. Baloyi, F. V. Nherera-Chokuda, N. T. Ngongoni and G. Matope 2015. In vitro degradability of Desmodium uncinatum, Mucuna pruriens and Vigna unguiculata forage legumes using the In situ Nylon Bag technique. Indian Journal of Animal Research 49 (2) pp 168 – 172: DOI: 10.5958/0976-0555.2015.00043.6. ISSN: 0367 – 6722/ Online ISSN: 0976 – 0555.

4. J.J. Baloyi, H. Hamudikuwanda, N T. Ngongoni and S. Katsande, 2014. Microbial protein production in sheep given forage legume hays as supplements to veld hay. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology 14: 583-591. DOI: 10.5958/0974-181X.2014.01360.2.

5. B D Nkosi, T F Mutavhatsindi, J J Baloyi, R Meeske, M T Langa and Groenewald 2014. Effects of bacterial and enyyme inoculation on fermentation and aerobic stability of potato hash silage. Proceeding of British Society of Animal Science and Veterinary Teaching and Research work. 5 (1): 86

6. J.J. Baloyi, H. Hamudikuwanda, N Berardo, M. Ordoardi and N.T. Ngongoni, 2013. Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS) prediction of quality of the foliage from forage and browse legumes, and natural pasture grass grown in Zimbabwe. African Journal of Agricultural Research 8 (10): 868-871: DOI: 10.5897/AJAR11.2090. ISSN 1991-637X

7. A. J. Netshipale, K. Benyi, J. J. Baloyi, K. T. Mahlako and T.F. Mutavhatsindi, 2012. Responses of two broiler chicken strains to early-age skip-a-day feed restriction in semi-arid subtropical environment. African Journal of Agricultural Research 7 (48): 6523 – 6529: DOI: 10.5897/AJAR12-1734. ISSN 1991-637X

8. J.S. Kanga, A.T. Kanengoni, OG. Makgothi and J.J. Baloyi, 2012. Estimating pasture intake and nutrient digestibility of growing pigs fed a concentrate-forage diet by n-alkane and acid-insoluble ash makers. Tropical Animal Health and production 44:1797-1802: DOI 10.1007/s11250-012-0141-1.

9. Baloyi, J.J and Hamudikuwanda H. 2010. True intestinal digestibility of amino acids of forage and browse legumes in cattle. Proc. of 2010 International conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Technology, Chengdu, China. 16 – 18 April 2010. Pp 345.

10. BARRY, D.M, VAN NIEKERK, C.H.,  COETZER, W.A., ROBERTSON, M.S.  1988. Superovulatory response and time of ovulation in sheep treated with FSH-p or PMSG followed GnRH or hCG.  Theriogenology 29(1), 217-226.

11. BARRY, D.M.  1988. Embrio-oorplasing by Groot- en Kleinvee.  Aspekte van Reproduksie, 1, 14-20.

12. BARRY, D.M., VAN NIEKERK, C.H., RUST, J.A., VAN DER WALT, T.  1989.  Servikale embrio kolleksie na rypmaak van die cervix van die skaapooi met prostaglandien en estradiol.  Reproductive Biology 1, 28-34

13. BARRY DM, VAN NIEKERK CH, RUST JA, VAN DER WALT T. 1990 Cervical embryo collection in sheep after ripening of the cervix with prostaglandin E2 and estradiol.  Theriogenology 33 (1), 190-194.

14. VAN NIEKERK, C., BARRY, D.M., RUST, J., VAN DER WALT, T., LANGENHOVEN, J. 1990. Cervical softening with prostaglandin E2 and estradiol cypionate for embryo collection in goats. Theriogenology 33(1): 348-349

15. BARRY DM, VAN NIEKERK CH, RUST JA, VAN DER WALT T.  1990. Cervical softening with prostaglandin E2 and Estradiol cypionate for embryo collection in goats. Theriogenology 33 (1) 348-352.

16. BARRY DM  & VAN NIEKERK CH.  1990. Anaplasmosis in improved Boer goats in South Africa artificially infested with Anaplasma ovis.  Small Ruminant Research 3, 191-197

17. ZHANG L, BARRY DM, DENNISTON RS, BUNCH TD, GODKE RA. 1991.  Successful transfer of frozen-thawed IVF-derived bovine embryos.  Theriogenology 37 (1), 331-337.

18. STEYN MC, MORGENTHAL JC, BARRY DM.  1993.  The effect of embryo collection technique on subsequent fertility in SA Mutton Merino ewes.  Theriogenology 39 (1), 317-324.

19. ZHANG L, BARRY DM, DENNISTON RS, BUNCH TD, GODKE RA.  1993. Birth of live calves after transfer of frozen-thawed bovine embryos fertilized in vitro.  Veterinary Record 132(10), 247-249.

20. VITALE, N., BARRY, D.M., MEINTJES, M., GODKE, R.A.  1994.  Development of refrozen bovine embryos.  Theriogenology 43(1) 327-327

21. KIDSON A, LOSKUTOFF NM, RAATH C, WOOD CA, WILLIAMS KR, VAN SCHALKWYK JO, DYCHE WK, BARTELS P, BARRY DM.  1995.  Age and pariry-dependant differences in ovarian activity and oocyte maturation in the African elephant (Locodonta Africana).  Theriogenology 43 (1) 279-285.

22. MEINTJES M, BARTELS P, BEZUIDENHOUT C, VISSER DS, MEINTJES J, LOSKUTOFF NM, FOURIE F, GODKE RA, BARRY DM.  1994.  In vitro fertilization of in vitro matured oocytes recovered from free-ranging zebra in South Africa.  Theriogenology 43 (1) 279-290.

23. MEINTJES M, BEZUIDENHOUT C, BARTELS P, VISSER DS, MEINTJES J, LOSKUTOFF NM, FOURIE F le R, BARRY DM, GODKE RA.  1997.  In vitro maturation and fertilization of oocytes recovered from free-ranging Burcheell’s Zebra (Equus burchelli) and Hartman’s Zebra (Equus zebra hartmannae).  Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 28 (1) 11-19

24. SHAW DG, KIDSON A, VAN SCHALKWYK JO, BARTELS P, LOSKUTOFF NM, BEZUIDENHOUT C, ROGERS P, LISHMANN AW, BARRY DM.  1995.  In vitro production of African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) embryos derived from follicular oocytes and epididymal sperm.  Theriogenology 43 (1) 322-329.

25. KIDSON, A., LAMBRECHTS, H., BARTELS, P., DENNISTON, R.S., BARRY, D.M.  2000.  In vitro embryo development in the African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer): Age-, Parity- and Oocyte quality-dependant differences following IVF.  Theriogenology 43, 1, 246-246

26. DU PREEZ, E.R., DONKIN, E.F., BOYAZOGLU, P.A., RAUTENBACH, G.H., BARRY, D.M., SCHOEMAN, H.S.  2002. Out-of-season vreeding of milk goats – the effect of light treatment, melatonin and breed. Journal of the SA Veterinary Association, 72(4): 228-231

27. BARRY D. M.; Herholdt G; Visser A; Hzimhanovich BB; Godke RA. 2003. Development of mammalian embryos and stem cells at micro-gravity conditions at the International Space Station.  Theriogenology, January 2003

28. BARRY DM, Herholdt G, Visser V, Owiny D, De Beer M, Murry G (2004).  Development of ovine embryos and embryonic inner cell mass cells under micro-gravity conditions at the international space station.  Reprod, Fertil Dev. 16(4): 511 (abstract).

29. OLIVIER, F., SPIES, T., MARTINEZ-PASTOR, F., BARRY, D.M., BARTELS, P.  2004. Quality changes in Blue Wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus) epididymal spermatozoa maintained at 4ºC.  Reproduction, Fertility and Development, January 2004, 212-220.

30. OLIVIER, F., SPIES, T., MARTINEZ-PASTOR, F., BARRY, D.M., BARTELS, P. 2004.  Use of fluorescent probes to access epididymal spermatozoa of the Blue Wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus) and Impala antelope (Aepyceros melampus melampus).  Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 2004 (1), 145-154.

31. BARRY, D.M., HERHOLDT, G., VISSER, A., OWINY, D., DE BEER, M. AND MURRAY, G.  2004.  Development of ovine embryos and embryonic inner cell mass cells under micro-gravity conditions at the International Space Station.  Reproduction, Fertility and Development 22, 213-221.  

32. OWINY, O.D. AGABA, M., GODKE, R.A.,  BARRY, D.M.   2007. In vitro production of bovine x buffalo hybrid embryos using bovine oocytes and African buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer) epididymal sperm.  Reproduction, Fertility and Development 19(1): 240 (abstract).

33. SANSINENA, M.J., OWINY, D., DENNISTON, R.S., SALAMONE, D., BARRY, D.M. 2008.  Initiation of pregnancies in South African Riverine Rabbit by interspecies nuclear transfer using adipose derived somatic cells.  Reproduction, Fertility and Development 20(1), 106-107 (abstract).

34. OWINY OD, BARRY DM, AGABA M, GODKE, RA (2009). In vitro production of cattle x buffalo hybrid embryos using cattle oocytes and African buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer) epididymal sperm. Theriogenology 71: 884-894.

35. OWINY OD, BARRY DM, GODKE, RA. (2010). Effects of repeated freeze-thawing of bovine cauda epididymal spermatozoa on in vitro embryo development. AJABS 5(1): 56-634.

. 36. Benyi, K., Tshilate, T. S, Netshipale, A. J. and Mahlako, K. T. (2015) Effects of genotype and sex on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. Tropical Animal Healty and Production, DOI 10.1007/s11250-015-0850-3.

37. Benyi, K. Netshipale, A. J., Mahylako, K. T. and Gwata, E. T. (2015 Effects of genotype and stocking density on broiler performance during two subtropical seasons. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 47, 969 – 974.

38. D. Norris, J. W. Ngambi, M. Mabelebele, O. J. Alabi and K. Benyi (2014). Genetic selection for docility: A review. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 24 : 13 – 18.

39. Njedbo A. Siwendu, David Norris, Jones W. Ngambi, Hussein A. Shimelis and Kow Benyi (2012). Heterosis and combining ability for body weight in a diallel cross of three chicken genotypes. Tropical Animal Health and Production, pp 1-6, DOI 10. 1007/s11250-012-0317-8

40. Netshipale, A. J, K. Benyi, J. J. Baloyi, K. T. Mahlaka and T. F. Mutavhatshindi (2012). Responses of two broiler chicken strains to early-age skip-a-day feed restriction in a semi-arid subtropical environment. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7(48) 6523 – 6529.

41. Acheampong-Boateng, O., K. Benyi, D. Norris and M. S. Maake (2012). Effects of feed withdrawal periods of different durations on the growth performance of male Hybro broiler chickens. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7 (29), 4140 – 4144.

42. Benyi, K., O. Acheampong-Boateng and Mahlako, K. T. (2012). Response of male roiler chickens from two genetic groups to different stocking densities in a semi-arid subtropical environment. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 44, 185—190.

43. Norris, D., J. W. Ngambi, K. Benyi and C. A. Mbajiorgu (2011). Milk production of three exotic dairy goat genotypes in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 6: 274-281

44. Benyi, K., O. Acheampong-Boateng, D. Norris (2011). Effects of strain and different skip-a-day feed restriction periods on the growth performance of broiler chicken. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 43: 871—876

45. Benyi, K., O. Acheampong-Boateng, D. Norris and T. J. Ligaraba (2010) Response of Ross 308 and Hybro broiler chickens to feed removal for different durations during the day. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 42: 1421--1426

46. Benyi, K., O. Acheampong-Boateng, D. Norris, M. Mathoho and M. Mikasi (2009). The response of Ross 308 and Hybro broiler chickens to early and late skip-a-day feed restriction. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 41, 1707--1713

47. Benyi, K., O. Acheampong-Boateng, D. Norris and M. Mikasi (2008). The effect of early and late Skip-a-day feeding on the growth performance of Hybro broiler chickens. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 3 (4): 244-253.

48. Mtileni, B. J., Nephawe, K. A., Nesamvuni, A. E. and Benyi, K. (2007). The influence of stocking density on body weight, egg weight and feed intake of adult broiler breeder hens. Poultry Science 86: 1615 – 1619.

49. Acheampong-Boateng , O., Mikasi, M.S., Benyi, K and Amey, A. K. (2007) Growth performance and carcass characteristics of feedlot cattle fed different levels of macadamia oil cake. (Accepted for publication, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 40: 175 - 179

50. Norris, D., Ngambi, J. W., Benyi, K., Makgahlela, M. L., Shimelis, H. A. and Nesamvuni, E. A. (2007). Analysis of growth curves of indigenous male Venda and Naked Neck chickens. South African Journal of Animal Science, 37 21-26.

51. Benyi, K., D. Norris and P. M. Tsatsinyane (2006). Effects of stocking density and group size on the performance of White and Brown Hyline layers in semi-arid conditions. Tropical Animal Health and Production 38: 619-624

52. Benyi, K., N. Karbo, D. Norris and K. A. Kgomo (2006). Effects of genetic and environmental factors on pre-weaning and post-weaning growth in West African crossbred sheep. Tropical Animal Health and Production 38: 547-554

53. Setati, M. M., D. Norris, C. B. Banga and K. Benyi (2004). Relationships between longevity and linear-type traits in Holstein cattle population of South Africa. Tropical Animal Health and Production 36:80-7-814

54. Norris, D. C. Banga, K. Benyi and B. C. Sithole (2004). Estimation of genetic parameters and variance components for growth traits of Nguni cattle in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Tropical Animal Health and Production 36:801-806. 55. Benyi, K. and N. Karbo (1998). Estimation of liveweight from chest girth in pure and crossbred West African sheep Tropical Agriculture, (Trinidad) 75 (3): 380-383.

56. Benyi, K. and Habi Habi (1998) Effects of feed restriction during the finishing period on the growth performance of broiler chickens. British Poultry Science, 39, 423-425

57. Benyi, K. (1997). Estimation of live weight from chest girth in pure and crossbred West African goats. Tropical Animal Health and Production 29: 124.128

58. Akinokun, O., Benyi K. and Agunbiade, J.A (1986). The effects of Genotype and stocking density on growth performance of broilers in the humid tropics. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa 34(3): 197-201.

59. Akinokun, O. and Benyi, K. (1985). The Effects of Genotype and Housing System on the laying performance of chickens in South-Western Nigeria. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa 33: 147-151.

60. Sonaiya, E.B. and K. Benyi (1983). Abdominal fat in 12-16 week old Broiler birds as Influenced by Age, Sex and Strain. Poultry Science 62: 1793 -1799.

61. Lebbie, S.H.B., K. Benyi and A.A. Ademosun (1981). The Effects of FeediRegime and Stocking Rate on the Performance of Medium Bodied layers in the Humid Tropics. British Poutry Science. 22: 415 - 421.

62. Benyi, K. and G.A.E. Gall (1981). Genotype-Environment-Interaction Effects on Reproductive Performance in Tribolium castaneum. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 59: 123 - 128.

63. Benyi, K, O. Akinokun and S.H.B. Lebbie (1980). Effects of Feed Restriction during the Laying Period on the Performance of Two Strains of Mature Caged Commercial Layers in the Humid Tropics. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge

64. Ademosun, A.A., S.H.B Lebbie and K. Benyi (1980). Portland Cement as a Calcium Supplement in laying Diets. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa, Vol.28, No.4.

65. Benyi, K. and G.A.E. Gall (1978). Genotype-Environment Interaction effects on Growth and Development in Tribolium castaneum. Journal of Heredity 69: 71-76.


Last updated 4 November 2015

The following is a list of staff members in the Department of Animal Science.

Dr. JJ Baloyi
Position: Head of Department

Qualifications: BSc(Agric.)(Hons)(University of Zimbabwe), MSc(UK), PhD(University of Zimbabwe)

Department: Animal Science

Telephone: +27 15 962 9006
Email: joseph.baloyi@univen.ac.za
Office: School of Agriculture


Prof. DM Barry
Position: Head CEAAR

Qualifications: BVSc(UP), MSc(Agric.),PhD(Stellenbosch)

Department: Animal Science

Telephone: +27 15 962 8372
Email: Daniel.barry@univen.ac.za
Office: School of Agriculture


Dr. K Benyi
Position: Senior Lecturer

Qualifications: MSc(Ghana), PhD(University of California)

Department: Animal Science

Telephone: +27 15 962 9001
Email: Kbenyi19711@gmail.com
Office: School of Agriculture


Dr. F Fushai
Position: Lecturer

Qualifications:

Department: Animal Science

Telephone: +27 15 962 8206
Email: felix.fushai@univen.ac.za
Office: School of Agriculture


Mr. MS Mikasi
Position: Lecturer

Qualifications: BSc(Agric.)(Univen), MSc(Agric.)(Univen)

Department: Animal Science

Telephone: +27 15 962 8324
Email: Masiza.mikasi@univen.ac.za
Office: School of Agriculture


Mr. AJ Netshipale
Position: Lecturer

Qualifications: BSc(Agric)(Univen), MSc(Agric)(Natal)

Department: Animal Science

Telephone: +27 15 962 8287
Email: justice.netshipale@univen.ac.za
Office: School of Agriculture


ME Nyathi
Position: Laboratory Technician

Qualifications: BSc(Univen)

Department: Animal Science

Telephone: +27 15 962 8630
Email: Emanuel.nyathi@univen.ac.za
Office: School of Agriculture


KT Mahlako
Position: Farm Technician

Qualifications: BSc(Agric)(Univen), MSc(Agric)(Univen)

Department: Animal Science

Telephone: +27 15 962 8759
Email: kgabzola@yahoo.com
Office: School of Agriculture



Ms. AM Raseona
Position: Laboratory Technician

Qualifications:

Department: Animal Science

Telephone: +27 15 962 8630
Email: andrea.raseona@univen.ac.za
Office: School of Agriculture



Last updated 20 November 2015