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Our vision is aligned to that of the University and the School of Law which is to be at the centre of legal education, training and research, and to promote rural and regional development in Southern Africa.


Inspired by the University of Venda vision and mission, the School of Law employs appropriate learning methodologies and research in offering a range of qualifications in law and criminal justice that is responsive to the developmental needs of the Southern African region.

To provide an opportunity to BA CRM students, and enhance knowledge and expertise among others, in Criminology, Policing Studies, Law of Evidence, Criminal Procedure, Civil Procedure and Medical Jurisprudence.

The Department of Criminal Justice:

  • forms part of the Faculty of Law;
  • teaches undergraduate modules for BA CRM students;
  • offers the Honours and Masters degrees through research.


The main objectives of the Department are:

  • to provide legal education to students;
  • to provide practical legal training to BA CRM students  in conjunction with LLB students;
  • to engage in community services; and
  • to develop a community based project.


Activities undertaken by the Department:

  • Departmental linkages and partnerships;
  • Research.


The Students benefits

  • Acquire legal, transferable and personal skills,
  • Develop knowledge of legal rules and procedures in a real world setting;
  • Develop self confidence;
  • Engage with a range of ethical and professional practical considerations; and
  • Have the opportunity to apply acquired theoretical knowledge in a working context.


The Faculty of Law and thus the University

  • Improves teaching, learning and assessment strategies;
  • Raises its profile in the community;
  • Improves and enhances students skills in terms of ability, experience and values and
  • Participates in research and publications.

Modules taught in department:

CRM 1541: Fundamental Criminology

  • General Introduction and Delimitation of the Field of Study
  • The crime concept
  • The causes of crime
  • Theoretical explanations for crime
  • The consequences of crime
  • The prevention and combating of crime

CRM 1641: Fundamental Criminology

  • The Classification of Criminals
  • Juvenile Delinquency
  • The processes of Administration of Justice
  • The Victim of Crime
  • Particular Types of Crime
  • Pathological Phenomenon

CRM 2541: Juvenile Delinquency

  • Introduction
  • Definition of the Concepts
  • The Nature and Extent of Juvenile Delinquency
  • The causation of juvenile delinquency
  • The Treatment and Prevention of Juvenile delinquency
  • Differences between crimes committed by Boys and those by Girls
  • Juvenile Gangs
  • Summary

CRM 2641: Crime Prevention

  • Introduction
  • Definition of the Concepts
  • The History of Crime Prevention
  • Approaches to crime Prevention
  • Crime Prevention Models and Strategies
  • Primary crime Prevention
  • Secondary Crime Prevention
  • Tertiary Crime Prevention
  • South African National Crime Prevention Strategy (NCPS)

CRM 3541: Victimology
  • Introduction
  • Historical perspective
  • The concept victim and the scope of victimology
  • The process of victimization
  • Victim Vulnerability and Precipitation
  • The Victim and the criminal Justice System
  • Treatment of the Victim and the Prevention of Crime
  • Summary

CRM 3641: Criminal Justice System

  • Introduction
  • Correctional Services Act 111
  • Sentencing and punishment
  • Prison Community
  • Institutional Tratment of Offenders
  • Release of Offenders
  • Community Based Sentencing
  • Summary

Police Studies

POS 1541

  • Historical development of policing (England, America, S.A. (pre-colonial & post colonial)
  • Policing agencies – Interpol, Metropolitan police, Traffic police, Military police
  • Constitution
  • SAPS Act
  • Basic concepts in policing - Police force, Police service, Service orientation, Preventive policing
  • Democratic versus oppressive policing

POS 1641

  • Police role in the CJS
  • Components of the CJS - Structure of courts
  • Civilian oversight of the police – Secretariat, Parliamentary oversight, CPF
  • NCPS
  • Operational functions of the police

POS 2541

POS 2541:

  • Introduction
  • Constitution of the Republic of South Africa (Act No.108 of 1996)
  • The Police Service Act (No. 68 of 1995)
  • The Green Paper on Safety and Security and the National Crime Prevention
  • Community policing policy framework and guidelines
  • White paper on Safety and Security
  • Justice, Crime Prevention and Security Cluster priorities
  • Strategic plan for the SAPS
  • White paper on the transformation of the Public Service
  • ‘Batho Pele’ paper (1997)
  • Public Service Regulations

POS 2641:

  • Introduction
  • SAPS Employee Regulations
  • Employment Equity Act (55 of 1998)
  • Policing obligations
  • Fundamental rights
  • Objectives of the Police Service
  • Policing powers
  • Criminal Procedure Act (51 of 1977)
  • Minimum force
  • Practical guidelines for investigators
  • Sentencing
  • Crime intelligence in proactive policing

Policing studies 300(Police Administration)
POS 3541
Module Content

Theme 1 : organisational structure of the South African police service(saps)

  • Structure of the saps : national and provincial
  • Ranking structure
  • Key concepts : management, supervision, administration
  • Occupational anomie

Theme two : managerial theories and approaches

  • The evolution of administrative theory
  • Administrative theory
  • Leadership styles - Likert’s leadership system, Downs’ bureaucratic leadership style
  • Leadership theories
  • Managerial approaches
  • Police administration at a police station
  • Public and private policing institutions

Theme3 : supervision of police

  • South African police service act
  • Control
  • Ethics, inappropriate behaviour and liability
  • Police corruption

Theme four : human resource and community service

  • Police officers’ right to strike
  • Police unionism
  • Community policing
  • Evaluation methods and performance appraisal
  • Stress, wellness and employee assistance program

See these sites for publications by C J Roelofse


Research in the Department:

The department is currently busy with a research project entitled ‘An investigation into the conditions of incarceration of child inmates in the district of Vhembe, Limpopo: An excursus into human dignity of children’

The following is a list of staff members in the Department of Criminal justice:

Designation Name Contact

Adv. TW Majake 

Tel: +27 15 962 8295


Mr. LA. Musekene

Tel: +27 15 962 8550


Mr. TC. Tshidada

Tel: +27 15 962 8130


Part-Time Lecture

Ramugumo R.S

Tel: +27 15 962 8230


Part-Time Lecture

Sadiki L

Tel: +27 15 962 8130