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Department of English offers one major course, English and a University wide Core Module, English Communication Skills (ECS). Students who want to major in English can take any other subject, from those listed as majors in the calendar, as a second major.

The Department of English teaches skills relevant to the study of English in a creative and stimulating way in order to help students communicate competently and think critically and creatively. In order to achieve this, it uses appropriate study materials and teaching methods. The Department also strives to develop according to the needs of the career market and society as a whole. Because of the disadvantaged background of most students who enrol at the University of Venda, the Department, if necessary, develops specific programmes to help it deal with possible inadequacies in such students. It also strives to foster a strong research culture among students and staff in order to help create new knowledge and thereby contribute to social development among students and staff in order to help create new knowledge and thereby contribute to social development.

For more information, please contact the Head of Department, Dr. E K Klu
Tel: 015 962 8141
Fax: 015 962 4749

Undergraduate Modules

The following modules are offered in the Department of English:

ECS (English Communication Skills)

English Communication Skills (ECS) consists of two modules. Module one is offered in the first semester and module two in the second semester. The first module ECS 1541 is a core module and must be taken by all first-year students from all schools enrolling for the first time, but also by those from other year groups who are repeating the ELP or ECS course. Thus many students are registered for this subject every year – roughly 3000. In order to accommodate them all in groups, there are quite a number of groups to choose from. Every student enrolled for ECS 1541 has to belong to one of these groups. The group the student chooses has to be selected according to the student's own personal timetable. Since some groups' lecturing times will clash with the lecturing times of other subjects, students have to be sure that they choose a group which will allow them to attend all four of the ECS 1541 lecturing periods. Students can therefore not come to an ECS 1541 lecturer, complaining that on a specific day they were unable to attend his/her class, because they (students) had a clash with another subject. Students simply have to choose another group, which does not clash with that subject. It is for this very reason that such a large number of ECS 1541 groups exist. Every group has four teaching periods per week. The lecturer assigned to that group will explain to students how these periods will be utilised. Students are expected to attend every period, as this is a practical skills based module, which entails working in class. As a result of the large numbers lecturers have to work with, the setting of dates for tests and assignments is a laborious affair, which can easily be complicated. In this regard, students' full cooperation and patience will be greatly appreciated.

In the second semester students are expected to register for their School Specific Module i.e.

• ECS 1641 for Human & Social Sciences
• ECS 1642 for Education
• ECS 1643 for Business & Management Sciences
• ECS 1644 for Law
• ECS 1645 for Natural & Agricultural Sciences
• ECS 1646 for Environmental & Health Sciences

The same principles for choosing groups, as applied in ECS 1541, hold true for the students' respective electives.


As English is an important key to educational success in South Africa, the aim of the English language courses is to develop knowledge and skills in the English language and the way in which it is used in various social contexts. The language course is divided into two categories; namely, language structure and language use.

Language Structure

This section of the course focuses on phonology (how sounds combine), phonetics (the sounds of language), morphology (structure of words), syntax (sentence structure), semantics (meaning of sentences) and pragmatics (meaning of sentences in situations).

Language Usage

This section of the course examines the uses of English for everyday communication. It focuses on the grammatical usage of English for various purposes. Common language errors and mistakes that second-language (L2) students make in various uses of English are also addressed. The following language modules are offered.

ENG 1561 Introduction to the English Language (Structure & Usage)
ENG 2561 English Structure and Usage: Intermediate Level
ENG 3541 Advanced English Structure (Core)
ENG 3542 Advanced English Usage (Core)


The literature course is designed to open new vistas in the students' minds by showing lives, experiences, values and beliefs that are different from their own. The course is meant to inculcate in students knowledge of the three genres of poetry, prose and drama and their characteristics. The main aim of the course is to make students conversant with critical concepts as well as literary conventions and how they change. The course aims to inculcate a strong critical sensibility in students. Students will be expected to thoroughly familiarise themselves with all the literary terms employed in the criticism of each genre and work out what texts signify as well as determine the aesthetic value of a text. Hereunder is a list of modules offered.

ENG 1661 Introduction to Literary Studies
ENG 2661 Postcoloniality and the African World in Literature
ENG 3641 Postcoloniality and the Novel (Core)
ENG 3642 The Poetry of Love, Protest & Resistance (Elective)
ENG 3643 The Drama of Class, Race and Cultural Differences (Elective)


Postgraduate Packages

B.A. Honours in English Language Teaching (ELT)

First Semester

ELT 5522 Poetics: Plato to the Nineteenth Century (core)
ELT 5523 Language Teaching Methodology (core)
ELT 5524 Psycholinguistics (elective)
ELT 5525 Discourse Analysis (elective)
ELT 5526 Language Testing (elective)
ELT 5527 Language and Society (elective)
ELT 5529 Literary Research Methods: Theory and Practice (core)

Second Semester

ELT 5622 Modern Critical Theory and Practice (core)
ELT 5623 Language Syllabus Design (core)
ELT 5624 Psycholinguistics (elective)
ELT 5625 Discourse Analysis (elective)
ELT 5626 Language Testing (elective)
ELT 5627 Language & Culture (elective)
ELT 5629 Language Research Methods: Theory and Practice (core)
ELT 5721 Dissertation

B.A. Honours in Literature

First Semester

ESH 5521 Poetics: Plato to the Nineteenth Century (core)
ESH 5522 Black South African Literature in English (elective)
ESH 5523 Background to Modern African Literature in English (elective)
ESH 5524 American Literature (elective)
ESH 5525 Shakespeare: Background and Plays (elective)
ESH 5526 The Romantic Period: Background and Essays (elective)
ESH 5529 Literary Research Methods: Theory and Practice (core)

Second Semester

ESH 5621 Modern Critical Theory and Practice (core)
ESH 5622 Liberalism and Protest in South African English Literature (elective)
ESH 5623 Postcolonial African Literature in English (excluding South African Literature) (elective)
ESH 5624 American Literature (elective)
ESH 5625 Shakespeare's Sonnets (elective)
ESH 5626 The Romantic Period: Poetry (elective)
ESH 5629 Language Research Methods: Theory and Practice (core)
ESH 5721 Dissertation

In addition to the packages above students may, in consultation with both the Head of Department of English and that of Communication and Applied Language Studies, register for a B.A. Honours in Literature and Media Studies Package. More details in this regard can be found in the School of Human and Social Sciences' Calendar.

ENG 6000 M.A (by research) - A dissertation on any aspect of English language or literature in English approved by the Department.

ENG 7000 PhD (by research) - A thesis on any aspect of English studies (language and / or literature) approved by the Department.

E K Klu

2001: Aspects of the role of a primary language in the learning of English in a rural school. Education as Change 5 (1) pp. 37 – 54.

2004a: The role of linguistics in language teacher education: stakeholders and the knowledge gap. Education for Today 4 (1) pp. 1 – 11.

2004b: Curriculum 2005, Outcomes-based Education and the language teacher. West African Journal of Research and Development in Education. 11 (1) pp. 44 – 55.

2005a: A Continuous Professional Development programme for teachers of English in South Africa. Journal of Research and Development in Education. 5 (1) pp. 55 – 63.

2005b: Which variety of English should be taught in South African schools and what knowledge and skills do teachers need in this regard? West Africa Journal of Educational Research. 8 (1&2) pp. 47 - 52

2006a: Klu, EK & Qaun-Baffour, KP. A mismatch between education policy planning and implementation: A critique of South Africa’s inclusive education policy . African Journal of Special Educational Needs. 4 (2) pp. 285 – 291.

2006b: Determining learners’ language needs in a tertiary setting. Education for Today. 6 (1) pp. 129 – 136.

2006c: A move towards the professionalisation of teaching by improving teacher knowledge and development Journal of Research and Development in Education. 6 (1) pp. 158 – 169.

2007a: Community involvement in school governance in South Africa: some emerging problems. Ghana Journal of Education and Teaching. 1 (4) pp.29 – 35.

2007b: Challenges of teaching English in a multilingual societies: A South Africa experience. International Journal of Multicutural Education. 1 (1), pp.165 – 172.

2008: In-ServiceTeacher Education: Some Suggestions for Improvement. International Journal of Educational Research. 4(1), pp. 121- 126.


2005a: Klu, EK & Qaun-Baffour, KP. A mismatch between education policy planning and implementation: A critique of South Africa’s inclusive education policy (Paper delivered at the International Special Education Conference, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana. 7 - 9 September).

2005b: The challenges of teaching English in multilingual societies: A South African experience (Paper delivered at the 32nd SASE conference, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo. 21 – 23 September).

2006: School governance in South Africa: Are rural communities up to the challenge? (Paper delivered at the 33rd SASE conference, hosted by UNISA at the Manhattan Hotel in Pretoria).

2008a: The use of indigenous African languages in South African classrooms. (Paper delivered at the 4th ADALEST conference, hosted by University of Botswana, Gaborone, 6-8 July).

2008b: Making African languages more relevant in African classrooms. (Paper delivered at the 4th ADALEST conference, hosted by University of Botswana, Gaborone, 6-8 July).

2010a: The role of language, Culture, and Taboo in the effective teaching of sex education. (Paper delivered at the 37th SASE conference, hosted by UNIVEN at the Tshipise Forever Resort, 6 – 9 October).

2010b: Can internationalization of higher education be used to combat xenophobia. (Paper delivered at the 37th SASE conference, hosted by UNIVEN at the Tshipise Forever Resort, 6 – 10 October).


1989. A Phonology of Ora. (B. A (Hons.) Long Essay. University of Ibadan: Ibadan).

1997. A re-training programme for teachers of English in the Outcomes – Based paradigm. (M. Ed. mini – dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University: Johannesburg).

2000: Issues of Language, Linguistics and Pedagogy in the continuous professional development of teachers of English in Bushbuckridge (D. Ed. Thesis, Rand Afrikaans University: Johannesburg).

Dr PK Kaburise

Dissertation / Thesis Written

• Form and function of Second Language. 2005. D Litt Thesis (Univ. of Pretoria).

• Papua New Guinea and the Process Approach to English Curriculum Design. (1989) Unpublished MEd. Dissertation, (University of East Anglia, UK). Articles in Accredited Journals.

• “Avoiding the Worst Pitfalls of an English Curriculum,” in English in Aoteare: New Zealand Association for the Teaching of English. (1992).

Peer Reviewed Monograph(s)

• “Speech Act Theory as an Analytical Tool.” SHS Monograph Series, University of Venda (2000).

Books Published

• Be Proud with English: Grade 11 . Kalahari Press, (2006).
• Be Proud with English: Teachers' Guide. Kalahari Press, (2006).

• Be Proud with English: Grammar Manual. Kalahari Press, (2006).

Unpublished Research Reports

• “The Identification of the Writing Characteristics of Selected Grade Ten Students in Venda and First Year University of Venda Students.” (1998) (with Kaizer Phalanndwa).

• “What Competencies Learners' Errors Portray.” (2000).

Conference Papers

• “Language Offering in a Project and Problem-Solving Curriculum.” SAALT Conference, University of Orange Free State. (2001).

• “English, Tshivenda and Discourse.” SAALA Conference . University of the North. (2004).

Creative Publications

• “First Encounter”. Journal of Creative Writing. University of the North (2001).


• Peace, Unity and People-Centred Development . Leech Printers (2002).

Dr I Manase

Mini dissertation / thesis

• PhD thesis: “From Jo'burg to Jozi: A Study of Popular Writings and Images of Johannesburg 1980-2003.” University of KwaZulu-Natal 2007.

• MA thesis: "Mapping the urban spaces in current Zimbabwean and South African fiction." University of Natal 2003.

Articles in Accredited Journals

• ‘From Jo'burg to Jozi: Place and Pleasure in the new Johannesburg.” Scrutiny 2 10 2 2005: 116-128.

• “Making Memory: Stories from Staffrider Magazine and ‘testing' the Popular Imagination.” African Studies 1 2005: 55-72.

• “Mapping the City Space in Current Zimbabwean and South African Fiction.” Transformation 57 2005: 88-105.

Book Reviews

• Ranka Primorac. The Place of Tears: The novel and Politics in Modern Zimbabwe. Social Dynamics 33.2 2007: 247-252.


• "Dissenting White Writings on Johannesburg in the 1980s". WISER 19 October 2006 and at the 7th Annual Interdisciplinary Humanities Graduate Conference UKZN Durban. 29 October 2006.

• "The ‘Political Criminal': Technology and new popular culture trends in Zimbabwe" at WISER Workshop on “Orders of Transgression”: Law, Crime and Popular Culture 5-6 September 2005 Witwatersrand University.

• "From Jo'burg to Jozi: Place and Pleasure in the new Johannesburg" at Centre for African Literary Studies Conference “Imagining Texts: Media and Popular Literature in Africa” 8-11 September 2004 Pietermaritzburg.

• "Johannesburg during the Transition in the work of Vladislavic and Van Niekerk" at "The City, Risk and Rationality” WISER Summer School 1-8 February 2004 Witwatersrand University.

• "Making Memory: Stories from Staffridder Magazine and 'testing' the Popular Imagination" at Modern Mass Media, Memory and Popular Imagination Conference University of Natal Pietermaritzburg March 2003.

Creative Writing
• "Jogging Down Memory Lane” The Witness newspaper 19 January 2006.

Dr NCK Neeta

Conference / Seminar Presentations

• "English Language for Development: A case for contextualized English language Instruction" (SAALT 1998).

• "Entrance Tests as another way of gaining access to University Education". (SAALT, 2002).

Mr VT Bvuma

Conference / Seminar Presentations

• "Foundation courses as entry requirements for university admission". University of the Free State (2001)

Mrs MN Lambani

Dissertation / Thesis Written

• Conceptual Awareness in English of Grade 5 learners: An Analysis. M.A. (PU for CHE) 2001.

Conference / Seminar Presentations

• "Language Offerings in a Project and problem Solving Curriculum." Paper read at the SAALT Conference, University of Orange Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa, 04-06 July 2001.

• "Qualities of Highly Effective Leaders". Presented at a workshop on Quality Leadership and Effective Academic Administration, Eiland, Limpopo Province, South Africa, 7-9 January 2005.

Mrs LPM Mulaudzi

Dissertation / Thesis Written

• Facilitating Gender Awareness through In-Service Training . Unpublished MA Dissertation. 200? Wits University.

Mr AZ Nengome

Dissertation / Thesis Written

• Foregrounding Ordinariness: Kaizer Nyatsumba Moves Beyond the Borders of the Prescriptive Climate of ‘Commitment'. MA Dissertation. Wits University (2002)

Conference / Seminar Presentations

• "The role of literature in keeping the African social fabric intact" (presented in an in- house seminar – Wits).

Ms P.E.A Ramaite

Dissertation / Thesis

• Patois and Tsotsitaal as Strategies in Protest Poetry.
• The Use of Critical Language Awareness (CLA) and Critical Discourse Analysis(CDA) in the Stimulation of Gender-Issues in African Communities. (RAU 1999).
• Strategies for Eradicating Gender Stereotypes, Traditional Gender Roles and the Subjugation of Women in Women Magazine, through the Use of Content Analysis, Textual Analysis and Critical Discourse Analysis, with Special Reference to the University of Venda. (UNIVEN 2004).

Conferences / Seminar Presentations

• Feminist Literary Theory: Reading as a Strategy for Teaching Resistant Reading Strategies to Students. March 1999 .

• Sexism, Myths, Stereotypes and Attitudes Towards Women as Reflected in Language. June 1998.

• Strategies for an Effective Academic Support Programmes. March 1998.

• Eclecticism in English Language Teaching for Secondary School Teachers in the Thohoyandou Circuit. 1992.

• The Use of Language in the Subjugation of Women, with Special Reference to English, Tshivenda, Xitsonga and Northern Sotho Proverbs and Idiomatic Expressions. – 2007 SAFOS Conference.

• Decolonizing the Mind through Indigenous Dress and Identity. – 2007 -OHASA Conference.

Ms HN Tlaka


Employers’ Perceptions of Black south African English Usage. Unpublished MA Dissertation. PU for CHE. 2002.


The Motorcycle Wish. Department of Education, RSA. 2008. (Translated into Sepedi).

Conference Presentations

Language and Literacy Development. Khanyisa Education Support Programme, Limpopo DoE. 2009.

The Role of Parents and Communities in Quality Education. SASE 2010.

The Importance of Extensive Content Knowledge, Teaching Methodology and Follow- up Support Programmes in Teacher Training. SASE 2011.

The following is a list of staff members in the Department of English:

Designation Name Contact
Senior Lecturer Dr E K Klu Tel: +27 15 962 8141 (office)
Fax: +27 15 962 4749
Senior Lecturer Dr I Manase Tel: +27 15 962 8305 (office)
Fax: +27 15 962 4749
Lecturer Mr VT Bvuma Tel: +27 15 962 8172 (Office)
Fax: +27 15 962 4749
Email :
Senior Lecturer Dr PK Kaburise Tel.: +27-15-962 8175
Lecturer Dr I Ndlovu Tel: +27 15 962 8579
Fax: +27 15 962 4749
Lecturer Ms MN Lambani Tel: +27 015 962 8391
Fax: +27 015 962 4749
Lecturer Mr. MJ Maluleke Tel: +27 015 962 8642 (office)
Fax: +27 015 962 4749
Lecturer Ms L.M.P. Mulaudzi Tel: +27 15 962 8362 (Office)
Fax: +27 15 962 4749
Senior Lecturer Dr NCK Neeta Tel: +27 15 9628267
Fax: +27 15 9624749
Lecturer Mr AZ Nengome Tel: +27 15 962 8293 (Office)
Fax: +27 15 962 4749
Lecturer Ms HN Tlaka Tel: +27 15 8291 (Office)
Fax: +27 15 962 4749
Lecturer Ms PE Ramaite Tel: +27 015 962 8288
Fax: +27 015 962 4749