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Overview and history

This Department was created in 1999 to focus on training in the vital areas of hydrology and water resources, including considerable emphasis on the closely-related and intricately intertwined areas of hydrogeology and meteorology. The programme was started in response to critical water scarcity in rural areas of Limpopo Province due to lack of knowledge and skills required for the planning, development and delivery of water services. The central objective of the department is to produce, following a 4-year degree programme, Earth Scientists with a major in Hydrology and Water Resources, who are then able to work as team-playing professionals in industry, the public service and academic institutions, or as self-employed professionals.

In particular, the 4-year degree programme leads to an honours degree, with classification as Distinction or Pass. The material covered in the 4th year includes project work and mini-dissertation, aside from advanced and applied treatment of important topics in the areas of focus. Honours level training is designed to allow for the pursuit of specialization in aspects of surface-water hydrology, groundwater hydrology (hydrogeology), meteorology, water treatment and supply. In addition, the department offers opportunities for Master’s degree by research, as well as PhD studies in the fields of hydrology and water resources.

The curriculum of the undergraduate modular programme addresses pressing national and community needs, in addition to the comprehension of the principles (and practice) of hydrology, hydrogeology, meteorology, fluid mechanics, and the quality and management of water as a resource.

The department first admitted students on the four year professional degree qualification in the year 2000, masters by research in the year 2003 and PhD in the year 2006.

Vision

To be the center of excellence in Hydrology and Water Resources through generation and dissemination of knowledge and skills that contributes to the assessment, planning and development of water resources in Southern Africa.

Mission

To impart hydrological and water resources knowledge and skills through tertiary teaching, research and community engagement in order to develop a highly intellectual and skilled human capacity in the fields of hydrology and water resources for the benefit of the environment and the society.

QUALIFICATIONS OFFERED

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Earth Sciences (Hydrology and Water Resources)
  • Master of Earth Sciences (Hydrology and Water Resources)
  • Bachelor of Earth Sciences (Hydrology and Water Resources)

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS

To be admitted in this degree programme a student must obtain NSC level of passes of 60% in Physical Sciences and Mathematics. A student who originally did not meet the requirements at NSC level but has passed Physical Sciences and Mathematics through the foundation programme with 60% also qualifies for admission. In addition, the student is required to score a minimum of 50% in English and meet at least the minimum university entry points.

Rules of module combination

  • First and second year students must do all the core modules, fundamental modules and university wide modules.
  • Third year, fourth year and honours students must do all the core modules and may take electives as extra modules if they choose to.
  • The environmental sciences modules form part of the core modules and must be taken every semester up to the end of third year.
  • Students must take Chemistry or Physics as part of fundamental modules from the school of Mathematics and Natural Sciences in their first year. Chemistry continues to second year as an elective.
  • The students must take Mathematics as part of the fundamental modules in first year.
  • No student will be allowed to register for a module before passing its pre-requisite.

 

Exit Levels

  • Students of Hydrology and Water Resources (HWR) can change to Environmental Sciences at the end of first or second year of study if they choose to graduate with Bachelor of Environmental Sciences degree (BEnvSc).
  • Students registered in the HWR programme in their third and fourth years of study will not be allowed to change and graduate with the three year BEnvSc.
  • The students registered in HWR programme exit at the end of the fourth year of study with Bachelor of Earth Sciences in Hydrology and Water Resources.

 

 

The department of Hydrology and Water Resources offers the following modules:

FIRST YEAR

HWR 1541 Introductory Hydrology & Meteorology
HWR 1542 Introduction to Groundwater
ERM 1541 Natural environment as a System
MEG 1541 Introduction to Geology
HWR 1641 Southern African Weather and Water Resources 
ERM 1641 Ecological Principles for Resource Management
MAT 1543 Mathematics for Biological, Earth and  Life Sciences I
CHE 1540 General Chemistry
PHY 1527 Physics for Environmental and Agricultural Sciences I
MAT 1643 Mathematics for Biological,  Earth and  Life Sciences II
CHE 1621 Inorganic Chemistry I
PHY 1627 Physics for Environmental and Agricultural Sciences II
ECS 1541 English Communication Skills
ECS 1646 English Communication Skills

SECOND YEAR

HWR 2541 Rural Water Supply and Sanitation
HWR 2542 Data Information Systems 
ERM 2541 Principles of Resource Management
HWR 2641 Water Laws and Institutions
HWR 2642 Drought Preparedness and Management
ERM 2641 Pollution and Environmental Quality
CHE 2521 Inorganic Chemistry II
CHE 2623 Physical Chemistry I

THIRD YEAR

HWR 3541 Hydrologic Measurements
HWR 3542 Atmospheric Dynamics
HWR 3543 Fluid Mechanics
ERM 3541 Resource Evaluation and Information Systems
HWR 3641 Hydrologic Analysis
HWR 3642 Hydrogeology
HWR 3643 Water Quality Management
ERM 3641 Environmental Impact Assessment and Modelling

FOURTH YEAR

HWR 4541/5541 Applied Hydrology
HWR 4542/5542 Applied Hydrogeology
HWR 4543/5543 Water Supply Systems
HWR 4641/5641 Water Resources Management
HWR 4642/5642 Applied Meteorology
HWR 4643/5643 Water Treatment Processes
HWR 4990/5990 Research Techniques and Project

Refereed/peer reviewed publications

  1. F.I. Mathivha, P.M. Kundu, J.O. Odiyo& R. Makungo (2013)Utilization and management of irrigation water for sustainable farming of Macadamia nuts in Piesanghoek cropland in Limpopo Province, South Africa, In: Bjornlund,  H.., Brebbia, C.A. and Wheeler, S. (Eds), Sustainable Irrigation and Drainage IV: Management, Technologies and Policies,  WIT Press, pp. 255-266.

  2. J.O. Odiyo, J.I. Phangisa, Makungo R. (2012) Rainfall–runoff modelling for estimating Latonyanda River flow contributions to Luvuvhu River downstream of Albasini Dam, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, vol. 50–52, 5–13,  DOI: 10.1016/j.pce.2012.09.007

  3. J.O. Odiyo, L. Chimuka, M. Mamali and O.S. Fatoki (2012) Trophic Status of Vondo and Albasini Dams in Limpopo Province-South Africa; Impacts on Aquatic Ecosystems and Drinking Water, International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 203-218, DOI : 10.1007/s13762-012-0034-x. 

  4. J.O. Odiyo and R. Makungo (2012)Fluoride Concentrations in Groundwater and Human Health Impact in Siloam Village, Limpopo Province, South Africa, Water SA, Vol. 38, No. 5, pp. 731-736.

  5. J.O. Odiyo and R. Makungo (2012) Water quality problems and management in rural areas of Limpopo Province, South Africa, Water Pollution XI. ISBN 9781845646080, DOI:10.2495/WP120121, pp. 135-146.

  6. N. Makuya, J.R. Gumbo, C. Muzerengi, F.A. Dacosta, (2012)Manganese and Vanadium Uptake by CynodonDactylon grass species: A Case study in New Union Gold Mine Tailings, Limpopo, South Africa. Page 689-696. IMWA conference proceedings, ISBN 9780729807074.

  7. Jeleni MN, Gumbo JR, Muzerengi C, DacostaFA, (2012) An Assessment of Toxic Metals in Soda Mine Tailings and a Native Grass: A Case Study of an Abandoned NyalaMagnesite Mine, Limpopo, South Africa. Page 415-426. Water Pollution XI. ISBN 9781845646080.

  8. Olang L. O.,P.M. Kundu, G. Ouma and J. Fürst, (2012) Impacts of land cover change scenarios on storm runoff generation: a basis for management of the Nyando basin, Kenya. Journal of Land degradation & Development. DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2140 ONLINE; Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com)

  9. J. Ndiritu, J.O. Odiyo, R. Makungo, C. Ntuli and B. Mwaka (2011) Yield-reliability analysis for optimizing rural domestic water supply from combined rainwater harvesting and run-of-river abstraction, Hydrological Sciences Journal, vol.56 (2), pp. 238-248.

  10. J.G. Ndiritu, J.O. Odiyo, R. Makungo, C. Ntuli, B. Mwaka (2011) Incorporating hydrological reliability in rural rainwater harvesting and run-of-river supply, Risk in Water Resources Management,  IAHS Publication no 347, ISBN: 9781907161223.

  11. L. Nare; J.O. Odiyo, J. Francis; N. Potgieter(2011)Framework for Effective Community Participation in Water Quality Management in Luvuvhu Catchment of South Africa, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 36, 1063-1070.

  12. R. Makungo, J.O. Odiyo, Tshidzumba, N. (2011) Performance of small water treatment plants: The case study of Mutshedzi Water Treatment Plant, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 36, 1151-1158.

  13. T.R. Nkuna and J.O. Odiyo (2011) Filling of missing rainfall data in Luvuvhu River Catchment using artificial neural networks, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth,  36, 830-835.

  14. S. Amidou, T.O Makonto , J.O. Odiyo, P.O. Ouaboi-Egbenni,  P. Mojapelo , P.O. Bessong (2011)Microbial quality, diversity and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of bacterial isolates from borehole water used by schools in Greater Giyani Municipality, Mopani District, South Africa, African Journal of MicrobiologyResearch (AJMR), Vol. 5(3), pp. 198-210.

  15. Kundu P.M.,Luke O. Olang , 2011. The Impact of land use change on runoff and flood discharges for the Nyando River in Lake Victoria drainage basin,  Kenya. InProc.1stInternational Conference on Water and Society 2011, at the University of Las Vegas, USA. ISSN: 978-84564-556-4: ISBN: 978-1-84564-557-1

  16. Kundu P.M.,Luke O. Olang , 2011.Automated extraction of morphologic and hydrologic properties for River Njoro catchment in Eastern Mau, Kenya. In Proc. 4thInternational Conference of Applied Geoinformatics for Science and Environment, at JKUAT, Kenya. ISSN: 978-3-943321-005. AGSE: Publishing, http://applied-geoinformatics.org/publications

  17. Luke O. Olang, Josef Fürst, Japheth O. Onyando, Clifford C. Obiero1, Simon. M. Maingi1, Peter M. Kundu, (2011)Simulation of runoff processes within thehumid foot-slope catchments of Mt. Kenya: an assessment of two approaches forrainfall-runoff modeling. InProc.European Geosciences Union General Assembly,Vienna, Austria

  18. J.O. Odiyoand R. Makungo (2011) Groundwater-surface water interactions along Latonyanda River and contributions to water resources availability during drought. Refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Groundwater: our source of security in an uncertain future, held on 19-21 September, 2011 at CSIR International Convention Centre, Pretoria, South Africa, ISBN number: 978-0-620-50725-7.

  19. R. Makungo and J.O. Odiyo (2011) Estimating groundwater recharge in semi-arid Khalavha and Siloam Villages: a preliminary study. Refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Groundwater: our source of security in an uncertain future, held on 19-21 September, 2011 at CSIR International Convention Centre, Pretoria, South Africa, ISBN number: 978-0-620-50725-7.

  20. Pindihama GK, Gumbo JR, Oberholster PJ, (2011) Evaluation of a low cost technology to manage algal toxins in rural water supplies.  African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(86), 19883-19889.
  21. http://www.academicjournals.org/AJb/abstracts/abs2011/30Dec%20Special%20Review/Pindihama%20et%20al.htm

  22. Gitari WM, Nemataheni PG, Nakisani M, Gumbo JR, (2011) Application of Fe2+ modified Bentonite Clays for Groundwater Defluoridation. 1st International Conference on Clays and Clay Minerals in Africa and 2nd International Conference on Geophagia in Southern Africa. Page 199-205, ISBN 978-0-629-51541-2.

  23. Magonono FA, Gumbo JR, Chigayo K, Dacosta FA, MojapeloP, (2011) Bioaccumulation of Toxic Metals by Hyparrhenia Grass Species: A Case Study of New Union Gold Mine Tailings and Makhado Town, Limpopo, South Africa. International Mine Water Conference. Page 603-608, ISBN 978-3-00-035543-1
  24. http://www.imwa.info/docs/imwa_2011/IMWA2011_Magonono_344.pdf.

  25. Mitileni C, Gumbo JR, Muzerengi C, DacostaFA, (2011) The Distribution of Toxic Metals in Sediments: Case study of New Union Gold Mine Tailings, Limpopo, South Africa. International Mine Water Conference. Page 609-614, ISBN 978-3-00-035543-1. http://www.imwa.info/docs/imwa_2011/IMWA2011_Mitileni_333.pdf.

  26. Gumbo JR and Cloete TE, (2011) Light and Electron Microscope Assessment of the Lytic Activity of Bacillus on Microcystisaeruginosa. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(41), 8054-8063.           http://www.academicjournals.org/ajb/PDF/pdf2011/3Aug/Gumbo%20and%20Cloete.pdf


  27. Gumbo JR and Cloete TE, (2011) The mechanism of Microcystisaeruginosa death upon exposure to Bacillus mycoides. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. 36: 881-886http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2011.07.050.

  28. Makhera M, Gumbo JR, Chigayo K, (2011) Monitoring of microcystin-LR in Luvuvhu River catchment: Implications for human health. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(3), pp. 405-412. http://www.academicjournals.org/ajb/PDF/pdf2011/17Jan/Makhera%20et%20al.pdf

  29. Olang L. O., P.M Kundu., T. Bauer and J. Fürst, (2010) Analysis of spatio-temporal land cover changes for hydrological impact assessment within the Nyando River Basin of Kenya. Journal of Environment Monitoring Assessment. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-010-1743-6. ONLINE; ISSN 0167-6369

  30. R Makungo, J.O. Odiyo, J.G. Ndiritu and B. Mwaka (2010) Rainfall Runoff Modelling Approach for Ungauged Catchments: a Case Study of Nzhelele River Sub-Quaternary Catchment, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 35, 596-607.

  31.  E.M Malaka, J.R. Gumbo, J.O. Odiyo and L. Nare (2010). The health implications of wastewater reuse in vegetable irrigation: a case study from Malamulele, South Africa, International Journal of Environmental Health Research, vol. 20. No. 3, pp. 201-211.

  32. Mulugisi G, Gumbo JR, Dacosta FA and Muzerengi C, (2010) Evaluating the suitability of Paspalum as a candidate for Rehabilitation of Mine Tailings dams: A Case study of New Union Gold Mine. International Mine Water Conference page 499. ISBN 978-1-897009-47-5.

  33. Jabulani R. Gumbo, Gina Ross and Thomas E. Cloete, (2010). The Isolation and identification of Predatory Bacteria from a Microcystis algal Bloom. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(5), 663-671.

  34. Bessong P.O., Odiyo J.O., Musekene N.J., and Tessema A. (2009) Spatial distribution of diarrhoea and microbial quality of domestic water during an outbreak of diarrhoea in the Tshikuwi Community in Venda, South Africa, Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 27, No. 5, pp. 652-659.

  35. Mulugisi G, Gumbo JR, Dacosta FA and Muzerengi C, (2009)Theuse of indigenous grass species as part of rehabilitation of mine tailings: a case study of New Union Gold Mine. International Mine Water Conference, South Africa, pp. 512-518; ISBN: 978-0-9802623-5-3.

  36. Gumbo J.R., Gina Ross and E. Thomas Cloete, (2008) Biological control of Microcystis dominated harmful algal blooms. African Journal of Biotechnology. 7 (25), pp. 4765-4773.

  37. Gumbo JR, and Cloete, TE, (2008)Preliminary assessment of Bacillus mycoides as a biological control agent for Microcystis blooms. In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Harmful Algae. Moestrup, Ǿ. et al. (eds) International Society on the Study of Harmful Alga and Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO. ISBN: 978-87-990827-1-1.          

 

Conference/Symposium proceedings publications

  1. J.O. Odiyo and D. Maluleke (2012) Sustainability of Makhado and Thohoyandou urban water and wastewater systems, Paper presented in the 13thWaternet Symposium held in Johannesburg from 30 October to 02 November 2012.

  1. T.R. Nkuna,J.O. Odiyo and J.S. Ogola (2012) Hydrological variations and trends links to climate change and land use in the Luvuvhu River, South Africa, 13thWaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium on Integrated Water Resources Management(IWRM) , 31 October – 02 November 2012, Birchwood Hotel, Johannesburg, South Africa.

  2. L.R. Singo, P.M. Kundu., J.O. Odiyo., F.I. Mathivha and T.R. Nkuna(2012) Flood Frequency Analysis of Annual Maximum Stream Flows for Luvuvhu River Catchment, Limpopo Province, South Africa, 16th SANCIAHS National Hydrology Conference on Science and Practice for Sustainable Water Resources Management, 16-14 September 2012, held at Pretoria University in Pretoria, South Africa.

  3. J.O. Odiyoand R. Makungo (2011). Groundwater-surface water interactions along Latonyanda River and contributions to water resources availability during drought. Paper presented in the International Conference on Groundwater: our source of security in an uncertain future, held on 19-21 September, 2011 at CSIR International Convention Centre, Pretoria, South Africa.

  4. R. Makungo and J.O. Odiyo (2011). Estimating groundwater recharge in semi-arid Khalavha and Siloam Villages: a preliminary study. Poster presented at the International Conference on Groundwater: our source of security in an uncertain future, held on 19-21 September, 2011 at CSIR International Convention Centre, Pretoria, South Africa.

  5. J.O. Odiyo, R. Makungo and T.R. Nkuna (2011). Long term changes and variability in rainfall and streamflow in the Luvuvhu River Catchment, South Africa, 15thSanciahs National Hydrology Conference on Science and Practice for Sustainable Water Resources Management, 12-14 September 2011, held at Rhodes University in Grahamstown, South Africa.

  6. R. Makungo, J.O. Odiyo (2011) Determination of steady state infiltration rates of different soil types in selected areas of Vhembe District Municipality, South Africa, 15thSanciahs National Hydrology Conference on Science and Practice for Sustainable Water Resources Management, 12-14 September 2011, held at Rhodes University in Grahamstown, South Africa.

  7. R. Makungo and J.O. Odiyo(2011)Impact of up-scaling domestic rainwater harvesting on runoff and environmental flows for Nzhelele River Sub-Quaternary Catchment, South Africa, 12thWaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium on IWRM: Harnessing the Rivers of Knowledge for Socio-EconomicDevelopment, Climate Adaptation & Environmental Sustainability held in Maputo, Mozambique from 26-28 October 2011.

  8. J.O. Odiyo, Phangisa, J. andR. Makungo (2011) Rainfall-runoff modelling for estimating Latonyanda River flow contributions to Luvuvhu River downstream of Albasini Dam, 12thWaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium on IWRM: Harnessing the Rivers of Knowledge for Socio-EconomicDevelopment, Climate Adaptation & Environmental Sustainability held in Maputo, Mozambique from 26-28 October 2011.

  9. T.R. Nkuna, T.R. Maramba, L.R. Singo and J.O. Odiyo (2011) The influence of temperature on rainfall variability in the Levubu area, South Africa, 12thWaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium on IWRM: Harnessing the Rivers of Knowledge for Socio-EconomicDevelopment, Climate Adaptation & Environmental Sustainability held in Maputo, Mozambique from 26-28 October 2011.

  10. J.O. Odiyo and R. Makungo (2011) Water quality problems and management in rural areas of Limpopo Province, South Africa, Water and Society Conference organized by Wessex Institute in Las Vegas, USA, 5-7 December, 2011.

  11. J.O. Odiyo, R. Makungo and D. Maumela (2010).Impact of alien vegetation clearance on hydrology of Luvuvhu River Catchment, South Africa, 11thWaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium on Integrated Water Resources Management(IWRM) for National and Regional Integration, 27 – 29 Oct. 2010, Elephant Hills Hotel, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe.

  12. R. Makungo, J.O. OdiyoandN. Tshidzumba (2010). Performance of small water treatment plants: The case study of Mutshedzi Water Treatment Plant. 11thWaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium on Integrated Water Resources Management(IWRM) for National and Regional Integration, 27 – 29 Oct. 2010, Elephant Hills Hotel, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe.

  13. T.R. Nkuna and J.O. Odiyo (2010). Filling of missing rainfall data in Luvuvhu River Catchment using artificial neural network, 11thWaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium on Integrated Water Resources Management(IWRM) for National and Regional Integration, 27 – 29 Oct. 2010, Elephant Hills Hotel, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe.

  14. F.I. Mathivha, R. Makungo and J.O. Odiyo (2010). Estimating inflows into Vondo Dam using water balance and implications on water resources availability and sustainability, 11thWaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium on Integrated Water Resources Management(IWRM) for National and Regional Integration, 27-29 Oct. 2010, Elephant Hills Hotel, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe.

  15. L. Nare, J.O. Odiyo, J. Francis and N. Potgieter (2010). Framework for Effective Community Participation in Water Quality Management in Luvuvhu Catchment, South Africa, 11thWaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium on Integrated Water Resources Management(IWRM) for National and Regional Integration, 27 – 29 Oct. 2010, Elephant Hills Hotel, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe.

  16. L. Nare, J.O. Odiyo, M.B Sekhwela and N. Potgieter (2010). Stakeholder involvement and Participation in Water Quality Monitoring and Management in Luvuvhu Catchment, South Africa, IWA-WHO Water Safety conference, November 2-4 Malaysia.

  17. R. Makungo, J.O. Odiyo, J.G. Ndiritu and B. Mwaka (2009). Rainfall Runoff ModellingAproach for Ungauged Catchments, 10th WaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium on Integrated Water Resources Management: Environmental Sustainability, Climate Change and Livelihoods, 28-30 October 2009, Entebbe, Uganda.

  18. J.O. Odiyo, R Makungo and B. Mwaka (2009)Evaluation and Remediation of Water Scarcity in Rural Villages of South Africa, 10th WaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium on Integrated Water Resources Management: Environmental Sustainability, Climate Change and Livelihoods, 28-30 October 2009, Entebbe , Uganda.

  19. J.O. Odiyo and R Makungo (2009) Fluoride concentrations in groundwater, human health impact and possible remediation in Siloam Village, Limpopo Province, South Africa, Biennial groundwater conference on pushing the limits, held in Somerset West, Cape Town, South Africa from 16-18 November, 2009.

  20. J.O. Odiyo,R Makungo and Muhlarhi T.G. (2009) Investigating the impacts of geochemistry and agricultural activities on groundwater quality in the Soutpansberg fractured rock aquifers,  Biennial groundwater conference on pushing the limits,  held in Somerset West, Cape Town, South Africa from 16-18 November, 2009.

Consultancy/Research Professional Reports

  1. J.O. Odiyoand R. Makungo (2012) Groundwater-Surface Water Interactions along the Luvuvhu River, WRC Project No. K7/883/1.

  2. J. O. Odiyo, R. Makungo and J. Ndiritu (2010) Run-of-River Operating Strategy, part of the project on Bulk Water Supply Systems Operation: Monitoring & Evaluation Support, DWA Report No: P RSA D000/00/6707, vol 2, pp 62

  3. J. Ndiritu, J. O. Odiyo, A. Andanje and R. Makungo (2010) Operating Strategy for Integrated Run-of-River, Rainwater Harvesting and Groundwater Supply for Typical Rural Domestic Schemes, part of the project on Bulk Water Supply Systems Operation: Monitoring & Evaluation Support, DWA Report No: P RSA D000/00/6707, Vol 3, pp 31.

  4. P. A. Kagoda; J. Ndiritu; J.O Odiyo; R. Makungo (2010) Short-term Forecasting in the Luvuvhu River System using Radial-Basis Function Neural Networks, part of the project on Bulk Water Supply Systems Operation: Monitoring & Evaluation Support, DWA Report No: P RSA D000/00/6707, Vol 4, pp 34.

  5. J. Ndiritu, J. O. Odiyo, A. Andanje and R. Makungo (2008) Hluhluwe Dam Operating Rules, part of the project on Bulk Water Supply Systems Operation: Monitoring & Evaluation Support, DWAF Report No: P RSA D000/00/6707, vol 1, pp 95.

On-going Research/Consultancy Projects

  1. 2013-2016: The use of GIS and remote sensing techniques to evaluate the impact of land use and land cover change on the hydrology and water resources of Luvuvhu River Catchment in Limpopo Province. This is a WRC sponsored research project.

  2. 2012-2015: Groundwater yield-reliability analysis and operating rules for rural areas. This is a WRC sponsored research project worth R 700 000.00.

  3. 2010 to present:  Development of health, safety and environmental research platform for Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies in South Africa.

The following is a list of staff members in the Department of Hydrology and Water Resources:

Designation Name Contact
Associate Professor and Head of Department

Mr. J.O Odiyo (HOD)

PhD in Civil Eng. (Water Eng.); MSc in Water Res. Eng.; BSc (Hons) in Agric. Eng

Extension: 8568/8511
Email: john.odiyo@univen.ac.za
Senior Lecturer

Dr. P.M. Kundu

PhD in Agri. Eng., MSc in Land and Water resources; BEd (Hon) (Sc); PGD in Grnd Water; Dip in Water Eng

Extension:8017
Email: peter.kundu@univen.ac.za
Senior Lecturer

Dr. J.R. Gumbo

PhD in Water Res. Mgt; MSc  in Water Res. Mgt; MSc in Analytical Chem, BSc (Hons) Chem.

Extension:8563
Email: jabulani.gumbo@univen.ac.za
Lecturer

Ms. R. Makungo

Master ofEarth Sciences in Hydrology and Water Res.; Bachelor of Earth Sciences in Hydrology and Water Res.

Extension:8577
Email: rachel.makungo@univen.ac.za
Lab Technician

Mr. T.R. Nkuna

Master ofEarth Sciences in Hydrology and Water Res.; Bachelor of Earth Sciences in Hydrology and Water Res.

Extension:8459
Email: tinyiko.nkuna@univen.ac.za