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The National Department of Health vision and mission is focused at the prevention of disease and promotion of healthy life style, improving health care delivery through enhancement of access, equity, efficiency, quality and sustainability. The education and training of health professionals following the programme in the department is organized in such a way that students engage with communities in villages, and with primary health care settings. These students are also placed at different hospitals in all the five Districts of Limpopo Province.
The National Health Human Resource Strategic Plan (2004) describes the extent to which health in South Africa as a country should be developing or producing health professionals in various categories. The programme also addresses the National Health Strategic Priorities for 2004- 2009 which has identified the following as priority areas, just to mention a few:

  • Promotion of healthy lifestyles
  • Contribute towards human dignity by improving quality of care
  • Improve management of communicable diseases and non communicable illnesses
  • Strengthen primary health care, Emergency Medical Services and hospital service delivery
  • Strengthen support service
  • Human resource planning, development and management

It should also be noted that growth in the economy is highly influenced by the health status of the people of its country. Another challenge that is facing the health care delivery is the HIV/AIDS epidemic with its opportunistic infection; mental health problems; disability and premature death especially of the poorest people and drug abuse increase the burden to the health care facilities particularly the local communities in which the school serves. This means that the country can only succeed if there are sufficient, knowledgeable and skilled health professionals to promote healthy life style and the prevention of diseases and this is supported by the vision and mission of the school.

The Department of Psychology came into existence in 1982 when the University of Venda started. It existed for about 20 years in the School of Human and Social Sciences. In 2002 the Department was moved to the School of Health Sciences.

  • Undergraduate Degrees and Diplomas
    Bachelor of Psychology (BPsych).
    The department offers psychology modules as service to other departments in the School of Human and Social Sciences and Law.
  • Post graduate Degrees and Diplomas
    Honours in Psychology
    Masters in Psychology (By dissertation only)
    PhD in Psychology

Publications / Journals
Boer, H. & Mashamba, M.T. (2005). Psychosocial correlates of HIV Protection Motivation Among Adolescence in Venda, South Africa. AIDS Education & Prevention, 17(6), 590-602

Boer, H. & Mashamba, M.T. (2007). Gender power imbalance and differential psychosocial correlates of intended condom use among male and female adolescents from Venda, South Africa.British Journal of Health Psychology. 12, 51 -63

Chireshe, R., Chireshe, R., Mudhovozi, P. (2009). Child abuse: Psychological and religious interventions. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 19(2), 261-264.

Chireshe, R., Shumba, A., Mudhovozi, P., Denhere, C. (2009). University students’ attributions towards academic success or failure.South African Journal of Higher Education, 23(5), 865-876.

Chireshe, R.; Kasayira, J.M.; Mudhovozi, P.; Mapfumo, J., Gwandure, C. (2006). Community Psychology in Zimbabwe : Past, Present and Future. Journal of Psychology in Africa , 2, 197-202.

Denhere, C., & Mudhovozi, P. (2011). Gender differences in internet usage: A case study of Great Zimbabwe University students (Zimbabwe). Zimbabwe International Journal of Open and Distance Learning, 1(1) 7-11

E. L. M. Bayona, L. M. Miti, P. Kaburise, N. Neeta, T. Mashamba & D. M. Akinnusi (eds.). Peace, Unity and People-Centred Development: The Legacy of Mwalimu J. K. Nyerere. (2002) Univen & MNF

Evans, A.C., Manyike, R.W., Mufamadi, J., Radzilani, M.S., & Ramulongo, T. (1999).Psychology students’ expectations when entering a peer-tutored, outcomes-based research programme. Psychology Bulletin: Journal of the Psychology Resource Centre. 9(2), 61-74

Gumani, M. A. (2012). The role of spirituality in the cessation of suicide ideation among the church-going youth in a rural community in the Limpopo Province, South Africa. Proceedings in Advanced Research in Scientific Areas: The 1st Virtual International Conference, 822-828.

Gumani, M. A. & Sodi, T. (2009). Experiences of Vhavenda women involved in polygamous marriages. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 19(2), 199-205.

Kekana, Q., Banyini, M.,Jooste, S., Simbayi, L. & Peltzer, K. (2011) Adaptation of an HIV behaviouraldisinhibition risk reduction intervention for recently circumcised South African men. Gender and Behaviour. 9(1):3479-3494.'

Makatu, M.S., Wagner, C., Ruane, I., & Schalkwyk, G.J. (2008). Discourse Analysis of the Perceptions of Bereavement and Bereavement rituals of Tshivenda Speaking Women.Journal of Psychology in Africa. 18(4), 573-580.

Maphula A. & Mudhovozi P. (2012). Voices from the community: Reactions of people who care for the chronically ill. African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance, 18, 131-147.

Maphula, A. & Mudhovozi, P. (2012). Suicide ideation: A study of secondary school learners in Limpopo Province, South Africa. African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance, 18, 104-116.

Mashamba, T. (2009). Traditional healer’s views on fertility.Indilinga: African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems, 8(1), 12-23

Mashamba, T. (2010). Traditional treatment of childhood sleep disorders. Proceedings of the International Conference on Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (pp. 233-237). University of Cambridge, UK, February 23-25, 2010. Recent Advances in Clinical Medicine, WSEAS Press.

Mashamba, T., Peltzer,K., Maluleke,T,. & Sodi T. (2011).A controlled study of an HIV/AIDS/STI/TB intervention with faith healers in Vhembe district, South Africa.African Journal of Traditional, Complementary & Alternative Medicine.8(S): 83-89

Mashamba, T.M. (2007). The Role of Indigenous Healers in Suicide Prevention.Southern African Journal for Folklore Studies, 17(1), 52 – 68

Mashamba, T.M. (2011). Challenges Faced by Traditional Healers in Promoting African Traditional Medicine, Southern African Journal for Folklore Studies 21(1), 1-14
Maunganidze, L., Kasayira, J., M. & Mudhovozi, P. (2011). Educational Assessment and Analysis in the African Cultural Context inNsamenang, B., & Dasen, P. (Eds.), African Educational Theories and Practices: A Generative Teacher Education Curriculum (pp. 349-364). Yauonde: Human Development Resource Centre (ISBN 978-9956-444).

Maunganidze, L.,Sodi, T., Mudhovozi, P., Mberi, E.& Mutasa, J. (2010). AcademicCounselling for ResearchStudentswith Distance Learning : Journal of Psychology in Africa, 20(1), 95-100.

Molepo, L. S., Sodi, T., Maunganidze, L. & Mudhovozi, P. (2012). Behavioural and Emotional Development in Children of Divorce.Journal of Psychology in Africa 2012, 22(2), 107–110.

Molepo, L., S., Maunganidze, L., Sodi, T., Mudhovozi, P. (2010). Teacher ratings of academic achievement of children between six and twelve years old from intact and non-intact families.Perspectives in Education, 28(1), 44-51.

Mudhovozi P. (2011). Analysis of perceived stress, coping resources and life satisfaction among students at a newly established institution of higher learning.South African Journal of Higher Education, 25(3) 510-522.

Mudhovozi P., Maphula A. & Mashamba T. (2012). Caring for children with mental retardation: The experiences of Vhavenda mothers. African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance, 18, 148-159.

Mudhovozi, P. (2007). Review of career guidance for job seekers (Chireshe, R. & Kasayira, J). Journal of Psychology in Africa, 17(1&2), 183-184.

Mudhovozi, P. (2010). Causal attribution: Analysis of patterns and influencing factors among learners at a higher education institution. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 20(2), 341-346.

Mudhovozi, P. (2010). Influences on career choice among psychology undergraduate students: Role of social agents. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 20(3), 481-486.

Mudhovozi, P. (2011). Adjustment experiences of international students at a South African University. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 21(2) 293-296.

Mudhovozi, P. (2011). College adaptation experiences of married female undergraduate students: An exploratory study. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 21(3) 465-468.

Mudhovozi, P. (2011). Unsafe sexual behaviour, reasons for, consequences and preventive methods among college students.Journal of Psychology in Africa, 21(4), 573-576.

Mudhovozi, P. Mashamba, T & Takalani, J. (2012). HIV voluntary counselling and testing: Knowledge, beliefs, concerns and practices among students. Journal of Human Ecology, 38(3), 245 – 256.

Mudhovozi, P., Denhere, C., & Mutshaeni, N. (2012). Stress factors and gender aggregation among college students. Prime Research in Education, 2(3), 213-217.

Mudhovozi, P., Gumani, M. A., Maunganidze, L. & Sodi, T. (2010). Causal attribution: Actor-observer bias in academic achievement among students at an institution of higher learning. South African Journal of Higher Education, 24(4).

Mudhovozi, P., Mashamba, T. & Sodi.T. (2012).Gender differences in cigarette smoking among students at Great Zimbabwe University.African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance, September (Supplement 2), 117 – 130.

Mudhovozi, P., Urombo, R. (2000). Effectiveness of the special class programme in English reading. A case study of Chinhoyi Urban primary schoolsThe Zimbabwean Bulletin of Teacher Education 9 (2), 46-56.

Mudhovozi, P. & Chireshe, R. (2012). Socio-demographic Factors Influencing Career Decision-making among Undergraduate Psychology Students in South Africa.Journal Social Sciences, 31(2), 167-176.

Mudhovozi, P. & Maree, J. G. (2012). Exploring students’ motives for studying psychology: A qualitative study.South African Journal of Higher Education, 26(4), 784–799.

Mudhovozi, P., Gumani, M., Maunganidze, L., Sodi, T. (2010). Causal attribution: Actor-observer bias in academic achievement among students atan institution of higher learning. South African Journal of Higher Education 24(4), 585-601.

Mudhovozi, P., Maphula, A. & Mashamba, T. (2012).Caring for children with mental retardation: The experiences of vhaVenda mothers.African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance, September (Supplement 2), 148 - 159 .

Mudhovozi, P., Nyanga, T., Chireshe, R. & Maunganidze, L. (2012).A Survey of Job Satisfaction of Employees at Higher Learning Institutions in Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe. Anthropologist,14(1), 73-79.

Mutshaeni, N., Denhere, C. & Mudhovozi, P. (2011). Inclusive education in South Africa: Using the lenses of disabled learners. Caribbean Education Research Journal, 2(1), 25-30.

Muthivhi, E., Sodi, T., Maunganidze, L., & Mudhovozi, P. (2011). Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of HIV and AIDS by rural South African secondary school learners.Journal of Psychology in Africa, 21(4), 585-588.

Ndhlovu, L., Sivhaga, K., Rupcic, S., Takalani, J., Mashamba, T., Mulaudzi, M. & Sodi, T. (2007). A situational analysis of gender-based violence and HIV in the Thulamela Municipality of Limpopo Province.Population Council. Ford Foundation.

Netshiombo, K.F. & Mashamba, T. (2012). Social Dynamics of Suicide in South Africa: A theoretical Perspective.African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance, September (Supplement 2), 95 – 103.

Nyanga, T., Mudhovozi, P. & Chireshe, R. (2012). Causes and effects of role ambiguity as perceived by human resource management professionals in Zimbabwe.Journal of Social Sciences, 30(3), 293-303.

Nyanga, T., Mudhovozi, P., & Chireshe, R. (2011). Causes and effects of role ambiguity as perceived by human resource management professionals in Zimbabwe. Journal of Social Sciences, 1210, 1-11.

Nyanga, T., Mudhovozi, P., Chireshe, R., & Maunganidze, L. (2011). A survey of job satisfaction of employees at higher learning institutions in Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe.Anthropologist, 14(1), 73-79.

Nyanga, T., Mudhovozi, P., Zirima, H., & Kasayira, J. (2011). Youth culture: A melting pot in Zimbabwe. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 13(2), 352-365.

Peltzer, K., Banyini, M., Simbayi, L. & Kalichman, S.(2009). Knowlegde, attitudes and beliefs about male circumcision and HIV by traditional and medical providers of male circumcision and traditionally and medically circumcised men in Mpumalanga, South Africa. Gender and Behaviour. 7(2), 2394-2429.

Peltzer, K., Kanta, X. & Banyini, M. (2010). Evaluation of a safer male circumcision training programme for Ndebele traditional surgeons and nurses in Gauteng, South Africa. African Journal of Traditional complementary and alternative medicines 7 (2), 153-159.

Peltzer, K., Simbayi, L., Banyini, M. & Kekana, Q. (2011) HIV risk reduction intervention among traditionally circumcised young men in South Africa: a cluster randomized control trial. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care. 22 (5), 397-407.

Peltzer, K., Simbayi, L., Banyini, M. & Kekana, Q. (2012) .HIV risk reduction intervention among medically circumcised young men in South Africa: a randomized control trial”. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine.Sep ; 19 (3), 336-41 .
Phasha, N., Shumba, A., Okose, N., Mudhovozi, P., & Siziya, S. (2009). Child abuse and neglect: Counselling and healing practices with people of African ancestry. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 19(4), 491-496.

Radzilani-Makatu, M. (2011). Coping with mentally handicapped sibling in the family among the Tshivenda-speaking community of South Africa. AJPHERD, Supplement 2(1), 258-269

Radzilani-Makatu, M. (2011).The construction category of gender in relation to bereavement rituals among the Tshivenda speaking community. US-China Education ReviewA, 1 (2), 289-295.
Ramarumo, M., Mudhovozi, P. & Sodi, T. (2011). Safe sex education for adolescent daughters: vhaVenda mothers’ views. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 21(1), 105-110.

Ramarumo, M. & Mudhovozi P. (2012). Discovery of, and response to husbands' HIV positive status: The groaning voices of Vhavenda women. African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance, 18, 47-56.

Setwse , G., Peltzer, K., Banyini, M., Skinner, D., Seager, J., Maile, S., Sedumedi, S., Gomis., & Van der Linde, L. ( 2007). Report and policy brief: 4th Africa Conference on Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research: Innovations in access to prevention, treatment and care in HIV/AIDS, Kisumu, Kenya. 29 April-03 May 2007. SAHARA Journal. 4 (2): 640-651

Sodi, T., Mudhovozi, P., Mashamba, T., Radzilani-Makatu, M., Takalani, J. & Mabunda, J. (2011). Indigenous healing practices in Limpopo Province of South Africa: A qualitative study. International Journal of Health Promotion & Education, 49(3), 101-110.

Mashamba, T., Khoza, LB., Peltzer, K., Mudhovozi, P., Makatu, M., Ramarumo, M., Takalani, J. & Mushaphi, L. Screening and Brief Intervention (SBI) of Alcohol problems on University of Venda community, South Africa: a randomized control trial.

Mashamba, T., Mudhovozi, P., Maphula, A., Manganye, L. & Madzhie, M. Knowledge, attitudes, practices and management of sexual and gender-based violence against children.

Mudhovozi, P., Mashamba, T., Banyini, M. Manganye, L., Mashau, N.S. & Mushome, V. Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Safety of male circumcision among ethnic groups in Limpopo Province.

Radzilani-Makatu, M., Sodi, T., Mudhovozi, P., Mashamba, T., Takalani, J. & Mabunda, J. Indigenous healing practices in Limpopo Province

The following is a list of staff members and their contact details in the Department of Public Health:

Designation Name Contact
Senior Lecturer & HOD

Dr. M. T. Mashamba

BA (Hons) (Psychology) Univen, BA (Hons) Human Resource Development (RAU), MPhil (Social Science Methods) University of Stellenbosch, PhD (Psychology), University Education Diploma (Univen)

Tel: +27 15 962 8173
Senior lecturer

Dr. M. Makatu

UED, BA(Hons), Univen, Psychometry HPCSA, MA (Psychology) Univen, MSocSci (EAP) University of Pretoria, IMSHPE University of Maastricht, DPhil (Psychology) University of Pretoria

Senior lecturer

Dr P. Mudhovozi

BSc (Hons), MSc (Ed. Psych) (University of Zimbabwe), PhD (Univen)


Dr. M.A. Gumani

MA(Psychology) Univen, Dlitt et Phil (UNISA), Psychometry (HPCSA)

Tel: +27 15 962 8356

Mr F. J. Takalani

BA(ED), BA(Hons) Psychology, MA(Psychology) Univen, Compt Dip (AZTEC College)

Tel: +27 15 962 8137

Mrs. M. Ramarumo-Mutwanamba

BA(Hons) Univen, MA ClinPsy(UL)


Mrs. A. Maphula

BA (Vista), BA(Hons) Univen, M Soc Science(ClinPsy) North West University


Ms. M.D. Banyini

BA (Hons) (Psychology) UL, MA (Psychology) Univen


Ms. F. Peters

Bpsych, MA Psych (University of Western Cape)

Junior Lecturer

Mr. L.Manganye

BPsych (Univen), Registered Counselor (HPCSA)